The present study aimed to investigate how HRD practices can help enhance Organizational
citizenship behavior in the workplace. The study also strived to examine the mediating role of
affective organizational commitment on the relationship between HRD practices and OCB. The
study deployed 218 respondents from two public sector universities from Saudi Arabia. Through
using self-administered approach, questionnaires were distributed. A total of 163 questionnaires
were received back out of which, 152 were found appropriate and taken for final analysis.
Structural equation modeling results have reported significant results for all the 4 hypothesized
relationship. Findings have reported that, HRD practices are crucial for organizations to enhance
affective organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. The study has also
reported that higher affective commitment levels also foster citizenship behaviors directly.
Notably, the study has also found significant mediation of affective organizational commitment
in the relationship between HRD practices and OCB. The research provides explanation on the
findings and implications.