A growing number of sports persons and sports organizations have sought to intervene in situations of political and military conflict in recent years, to contribute to the cessation of hostilities, to encourage reconciliation between the conflicting sides, and to bring support and the benefits of sport and physical activity to victims of conflict. These interventions have ranged from the declarations of truce at the time of the Olympic Games by the International Olympic Committee and United Nations, and the educational exchange programes conducted for Jewish and Arab children in Israel by groups such as Football 4 Peace, to the coaching development programes conducted by Right To Play in refugee camps in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. There is considerable evidence that these programmes are highly valued by those who enjoy them. Very few of these programmes have been critically monitored and evaluated, and the literature that does exist has largely been written without reference to the large body of literature on peacekeeping and peace-building. Nevertheless, many of the sport-for-peace programmes do work in ways that the peace-building literature suggests can be effective - especially those that focus on relationship (re)building after conflict.
This review will examine current interventions of TeglaLoroupe Peace Foundation in Kenya in light of the available literature, identifying what is known, what is not known, and 'best practices'; it will also make recommendations for policy, research and practice.