International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Boopathi. S, Suja. D

Human beings face a host of risk to their health caused by residuals necessarily generated during consumption and production process. Air emission is not exempted. Air pollution can be classified into two types namely indoor and outdoor. There are many causes for outdoor air pollution such as emission from industry, auto mobiles and so on, whereas household sector generates indoor air pollution due to burning of unprocessed bio fuel in traditional stoves. The people who may be exposed to indoor air pollutants for the longest period of time are often those most prone to get disease. Such groups include the young children, the elderly, and the chronically ill, especially those suffering from respiratory or cardiovascular disease. According to 2011 census, 85 percent of Indian households still rely on bio-fuels such as wood, dung cake and crop residuals for cooking and heating purposes. It was recorded 93 percent in the 2001 census. This paper is addresses the socio-economic aspects of households with use of high and low risk materials vary with per capita consumption expenditure (MPCE), social group and occupation. In order to realize the socio-economic aspects with respect of rural energy, NSSO 66th round data were analyzed. It concludes that economically, socially weaker section and people living below poverty line have still relay on high risk as principle sources of cooking and lighting. This is root causes of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.

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