International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
THE SOCIO ECONOMIC IMPACT OF SMALLHOLDER COMMUNAL IRRIGATION PROJECTS: A CASE STUDY OF TSHONGOKWE SMALLHOLDER IRRIGATION SCHEME IN LUPANE DISTRICT IN MATABELELAND NORTH PROVINCE, ZIMBABWE.

Authors:
Canisius Mpala

Abstract:
The establishment of Tshongokwe small scale irrigation was meant to improve food selfsufficiency, security andthe welfare of the people in the ward and district. The purpose of this study was to assess the socio economic impact of small scale irrigation scheme on the people's livelihoods in Tshongokwe and Sobendlewards. Quantitative and qualitative methodologies were used in the investigation of the impact of the scheme. All sixty one irrigators at Tshongokwe and thirty non irrigating respondents out of a total of one hundred and fifty dry land farmers in Gundwane Resettlement Area were interviewed. Data was collected using in-depth interviews, questionnaires and observations. Analyses were done using descriptive statistics. Tables and figures were employed in presentation and analysis. Results were that the irrigation scheme has made the participating farmers food secure, created employment, generated income, acquisition of agricultural productive assets such as scotch carts, cultivators and livestock by farmers. The type of housing has improved and school attendance is at 91.7%.The study recommends that governments, public and private institutions and non-governmental organisations work together in defining and implementing comprehensive strategies for small scale irrigation development, especially in the semi-arid areas so as to ensure increased food security, income and employment to the rural population.

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