This study utilizes the viewpoints of Macau and Singapore residents to examine (1) the
differences of residents' attitudes, cognitions, and behaviors toward gambling; and (2) what the
determinate factors of influencing residents' participations in gambling activities in casinos are.
This study collected 416 (Macau) and 409 (Singapore) survey responses during March and June,
2013. The results revealed that, with exception of two variables "Do you understand the natures
of casino jobs" and "Have you any work experience in a casino", there are certain degrees no
significant differences of residents' attitudes, cognitions, and behaviors towards gambling in both
regions. In addition, the most crucial factor of influencing residents to participate in gambling
behaviors is the perspective "What is your opinion to gambling behaviors?" Regarding to the
control variable, "Marital status" and "Gender" were chosen as the crucial influential factors by
Macau and Singapore residents respectively.