The present study aimed to estimate the growth trend and the extent of instability for area, yield
and production of five major fruits such as mango, banana, pineapple, jackfruit and litchi in
Bangladesh covering a 20 years of study periods from 1995-96 to 2014-15 using secondary data.
The result from Compound Growth Rate revealed that banana has recorded the positive and
highest area growth rate of 16.6 % per annum, which was evidently contributed by the high
profitability from banana in Bangladesh. Yield growth rate of all selected fruits recorded the
significantly positive. Mango and litchi has been recorded the highest yield growth rate. On the
other hand, largest production increase was achieved by jackfruit of 21.5% per year. The highest
instability of area, yield and production was noticed in pineapple 57.3%, litchi 38.5% and litchi
83.8% respectively. The study also examine that Lithuania, Poland and Germany are the main
importer of Bangladeshi fruits in the world and annual export value of fruits from Bangladesh is
also increasing. On the other hand China is the main exporter of fruits to Bangladesh. The
findings suggest that policy should be taken to provide training on scientific production
harvesting technology by the different government organization to the farmer and public-private
partnership can facilitates research which focuses on resolving the problems with yields and
adaptability, post harvest losses and reduce the quality.