International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
ESTABLISHMENT OF DYSFUNCTIONAL FAMILY STRUCTURES RELATED TO ADOLESCENT BEHAVIOUR PROBLEMS WITHIN THE SOCIETY: A CASE OF SHIKUSA BORSTAL INSTITUTION IN KAKAMEGA COUNTY.

Authors:
Rose A. Otieno, Prof. James Kombo (PhD), Prof. Michael Bowen (PhD)


Volume - 2 Issue - 5, Pages - 3438-3453

Abstract:
Adolescent delinquency is a major health concern. BSFT is one of the many family therapies targeting the youth and their families as a system throughout the treatment. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFT) in treating juvenile delinquents. The study was conducted at Shikusa Borstal institution, Kakamega County which was purposively chosen as one of the three Borstal institutions in the country. The study used a quasi-experimental study design with pre and post- test evaluations using both quantitative and qualitative data collection instruments. Purposive sampling was used to pick the 67 participants who were screened and scored positively both on CD and ADHD. Data was collected using socio-demographic and standardized tools. The standardized tools included Family Assessment Measure and Youth Self Report (YSR) for Ages 11-18. The Family Assessment Measure (FAM111) questionnaire was used at pre-test evaluation only while YSR was used at both pre- and post-test evaluations. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 21. The results showed proportionate morbidity rate of 61.2% of the 67 sampled delinquents having CD and 59.7% having ADHD while 22.4% had a comorbid of CD and ADHD. A t-test was used to determine the statistical significance in the paired mean difference scores between baseline and midline as well as endline. Results showed statistical significance for both CD and at ADHD (p<0.0001). Cohen's d effect sizes for the ADHD and CD were calculated and showed statistically significant effect size for both ADHD and CD. Results indicated that BSFT was effective in reducing the symptoms of both CD and ADHD among the juvenile delinquents, consequently treating delinquency with a statistical significant significance of P<0.0001.

Cite this Article:

[Otieno, Rose A., James Kombo, Prof., and Michael Bowen, Prof. "ESTABLISHMENT OF DYSFUNCTIONAL FAMILY STRUCTURES RELATED TO ADOLESCENT BEHAVIOUR PROBLEMS WITHIN THE SOCIETY: A CASE OF SHIKUSA BORSTAL INSTITUTION IN KAKAMEGA COUNTY." International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research 2.5 (2017): 3438-453.]

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