International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper


Dr. Ishrat Jahan

|| ||

Dr. Ishrat Jahan
Department of Anthropology, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Jahan, Dr. Ishrat. "WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE: WOMEN'S WORK, purdah AND THEIR RIGHTS ON RESOURCES IN RURAL BANGLADESH." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 4, Apr. 2018, pp. 1540-1557, Accessed 2018.
Jahan, D. (2018, April). WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE: WOMEN'S WORK, purdah AND THEIR RIGHTS ON RESOURCES IN RURAL BANGLADESH. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(4), 1540-1557. Retrieved from
Jahan, Dr. Ishrat. "WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE: WOMEN'S WORK, purdah AND THEIR RIGHTS ON RESOURCES IN RURAL BANGLADESH." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 4 (April 2018), 1540-1557. Accessed , 2018.

[1]. Abdullah, T and Zeidestein, S. (1982) Village Women of Bangladesh-Prospect for Change. New York: Pergamon Press.
[2]. Ardener, E. (1975), 'The problem revisited.' In S. Ardener(ed.), Perceiving Women, !9-27. London: Dent
[3]. BBS, 2007. Bangladesh Labor Force Survey 2005-06, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[4]. Begum, N. N., (1988), "Pay or Purdha: Women and Income Earning in rural Bangladesh, Dhaka", Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council.
[5]. Boserup, E. 1970, Women's Role in Economic Development, George Allen and Unwin, London. Foucault, M. 1977, Discipline and Punish, New York.
[6]. Islam, M. 2003, Peasant Societies of Bangladesh, Dibbo Prokas, Bangla Bazar, Dhaka.
[7]. Jaim, H. M. W. and Hossain, M. 2011, Women's Participation in Agriculture in Bangladesh 1988-2008: Changes and Determinants, "Dynamics of Rural Livelihoods and Poverty in South Asia", 7th ASAE, International Conference Honoi, Vietnam.
[8]. Geertz, C. 1973, The Interpretation of Cultures, New York.
[9]. Kalkar, G, The Feminization of Agriculture in Asia: Implications for Women's Agency and Productivity, UNIFEAM South-Asia Regional Office, New Delhi, India.
[10]. Rahman, S.2010, Women's Labor Contribution to Productivity and Efficiency in Agriculture: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh, Journal of Agricultural Economics, June-2010.
[11]. Rahman, S. (1999) Women's Employment in Bangladesh Agriculture: Composition, Determinants and Scope, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok.
[12]. Rahman, A. 1986, Agricultural Structure of Bangladesh, Peasant Society and Development, University Press Limited, Dhaka-1100.
[13]. Rosaldo, Michell Z and Lamphere, L. 1974, Women, Culture and society. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
[14]. White, Sarah, C. (1992), Arguing with the Crocodile: Gender and Class in Bangladesh, Dhaka University Press.
[15]. Moore, Henrietta, L. (1990), Feminism and Anthropology, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
[16]. Prakas, D. (2003), Rural Women, Food Security and Agricultural Cooperatives, Rural Development and Management Center, New Delhi-110019, India
[17]. Begum, S (1985), Women and Technology: Rice Processing in Bangladesh, Women in Rice Farming, Proceeding of a Conference on Women in Rice Farming System. 26-30
[18]. September, 1983, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines, Aldershot: Gower Publishing Company Limited.
[19]. Hossain M. Lal, Manik B. Ahmad A., (2004), Nature and Impact of Women's Participation in Economic Activities in Rural Bangladesh: Insight from Household Survey,
[20]. Farid, K. S., Mozumdar, L., Kakir, S. M., Goswami, U. K. (2009), Nature and Extent of Rural Women's Participation in Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Activities, Agricultural Research Communication Center, Agri. Sci. Digest, 29(4): 254-259.

As the economy of Bangladesh is based mainly on agriculture and most of the agricultural production takes place at rural areas of Bangladesh, it is noticed that village women are related to agricultural production directly or indirectly. But as our society is patriarchal, women's work is different from men's work and it has little appreciation within their family and within societies. This article is based on the study which was conducted to analyze the condition of working women in Char Khankhanapur village of Rajbari district, Bangladesh and to enquire about their present condition within the patriarchal social system of the village. This article shows that rural women have a great influence on village economy through their labour, both within and outside the household. However, it also highlights that though women are taking part in income generating activities, their position within society has not changed universally because of the patriarchal construction of purdah (seclusion). The article focuses on the fact that, despite women earn they have little access to private property, such as land, agricultural resources, money, jewelry, etc. It proposes to reconsider the understanding, as outlined by the Women in Development (WID) paradigm, that women's participation in paid work will always improve their social status.