International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper


Rev. Fr. (Dr.) Felix Ojong and Odere, F. E.

|| ||

Rev. Fr. (Dr.) Felix Ojong1 Odere, F. E.2
1. Department of Sociology, University of Calabar, Nigeria
2. Graduate Student, University of Calabar, Nigeria

Ojong, Rev. Fr. (Dr.) Felix, and Odere, F. E. "CALABAR CULTURAL FESTIVAL AND THE WELLBEING OF EFIK PEOPLE, NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 6, June 2018, pp. 2742-2752, Accessed 2018.
Ojong, R., & F. E., O. (2018, June). CALABAR CULTURAL FESTIVAL AND THE WELLBEING OF EFIK PEOPLE, NIGERIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(6), 2742-2752.
Ojong, Rev. Fr. (Dr.) Felix, and Odere, F. E. "CALABAR CULTURAL FESTIVAL AND THE WELLBEING OF EFIK PEOPLE, NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 6 (June 2018), 2742-2752. Accessed , 2018.

[1]. Achonwa, R. E. (2007). Tourism and our economy. Mofinews, 7(2), 30-54.
[2]. Agba, A. M O., Ikoh, M. U., Bassey, A. O., & Ushie, E. U. (2010). Impact of tourism industry on Efik's Culture, Nigeria. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 4, (4), Pp. 355-365,
[3]. Agba, A. M. O.; Mboto, W. A. & Agba, M. S. (2013). Wages or other conditions: A critical assessment of factors in workers performance in Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3 (7), 489-505
[4]. Attah, F. M.; Agba, A. M. O. & Nkpoyen, F. (2013). Carnival fiesta and socio-economic development of Calabar Metropolis, Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 2(6) 33-41,
[5]. Bachlestiner, S. & Zins, E. (2009). Hotel and tourism development in Victriam. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 7(1), 85-93.
[6]. Compton, J. L. & Love, L. L. (2005). The predictive validity of alternative approaches to evaluating quality of a festival. Journal of Travel Research, 34(11), 11-24.
[7]. CRTB (2008). Pre-event brochure. Calabar: Teamwork.
[8]. Dominic, O. (2011). Public private partnership as a tool for infrastructural development in Nigeria. Lagos: Talkback Publishing Ltd.
[9]. Esu, B. B.; Arrey, V. M.; Basil, G. & Eyo, E. E. (2011). Analysis of the economic impacts of cultural festival: The case of Calabar carnival in Nigeria. Tourismos: An international Multidisciplinary Journal of Tourism, 6(2), 333-352.
[10]. Falassi, A. (2009). Festival: Definition and morphology in Waterman's editor, carnival for elves? The Cultural Politics of Arts Festivals Progress in Human Geography, 54-74.
[11]. Hall, O. (2004). Meaningful experience creation and event management: A post-event analysis of Copenhagen carnival. Culture Inbound Journal of Current Cultural Research. 3(17).
[12]. Hirschman, A. O. (1969). The strategy of economic development. In Agarwal, A. N. & Singh, S. P. (eds.), Accelerating investment in developing economy. London: Oxford Press.
[13]. Ingwe, R., Agba, A. M. O. & Ndum, V. E. (2014). Natural resource abundance, exploitation and agitation for resource control in Nigeria's Niger Delta: A Marxian analysis. The Romanian Journal of Society and Politics, 9(1), 87-109
[14]. Jhingan, M. L. (2006). The economics of development and planning. Delhi: Vrinda Publications Ltd.
[15]. Lindberg, B. (1996). A comprehensive review of tourism as a component of the Robson Valley LRMP. Unemployment Research Report Independent Study.
[16]. Odere, F. E. (2015). Socio-economic implications of Calabar carnival on the people of Cross River State. Unpublished M.Sc thesis submitted to the Department of Sociology, University of Calabar, Nigeria.
[17]. Prentice, N. & Anderson, R. (2003). Travel and tourism: A North American-European perspective. Huntington, England: Elm Publications.
[18]. Ukwayi, J. K., Agba, A. M. O., Inyang, J. D. & Eraye, Christopher (2011). Associate factors in street crime in Calabar Metropolis, Nigeria. European Journal of Scientific Research, 62(2), 34-43.
[19]. Ukwayi, J. K., Ojong, F. E. & Austine, A. B. (2012). Socio-economic impact of festivals on community development. Journal of Development Studies, 2(8), 1-2.

The study examines the correlates between Calabar cultural festival and the wellbeing of the Efik people of Cross River State, Nigeria. Three hypotheses were formed on the main variables to guide the study. Survey method which allows for the use of questionnaire was adopted. Information was gathered from 300 respondents. Data collected was subjected to Pearson product moment correlation analysis. Result revealed that the Calabar cultural festival significantly contribute to the wellbeing of the Efik people in areas of income and employment generation as well as infrastructure development. The study recommended among others, policy option that allows more private sector participation in the festival.