International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURE IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON THE ROLE OF EDUCATION

Authors:
Veronica Pala, Pyallie D. Sangma

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1*Veronica Pala, 2Pyallie D. Sangma
1. Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
2. Research Scholar, Department of Economics, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
*Corresponding Author

MLA 8
Pala, Veronica, and Pyallie D. Sangma. "DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURE IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON THE ROLE OF EDUCATION." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 6, June 2018, pp. 2771-2782, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=188. Accessed 2018.
APA
Pala, V., & Sangma, P. (2018, June). DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURE IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON THE ROLE OF EDUCATION. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(6), 2771-2782.
Chicago
Pala, Veronica, and Pyallie D. Sangma. "DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURE IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON THE ROLE OF EDUCATION." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 6 (June 2018), 2771-2782. Accessed , 2018.

References
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Abstract:
Using data from the National Sample Survey on Employment and Unemployment in the 68th round, i.e. in 2011-12, in this paper we have explored several variables as possible determinants of rural women's participation in agriculture in India. We have estimated a maximum likelihood probit model to examine the contribution of different factors. Women coming from land owning households and households deriving their income mainly from agricultural sector are more likely to work in agriculture. However, the most important determinant is education. As the educational level attained increases, the participation of women in agriculture declines sharply. Other variables like economic status, age, marital status and belonging to scheduled caste/ tribe are not found to be strong determinants. This could be due to the fact that the rural areas offer limited employment opportunities, other than agriculture - based activities. The literature has emphasized the role of women in providing labour to this sector. But our analysis shows that with the increase in education, working women withdraw from agriculture, and possibly withdraw from the labour force in the absence of other employment avenues. Therefore, the agricultural sector is in great need of special attention. Schemes for diversification, modernization and increasing farmers' income are required to be implemented and not confined to the rhetoric so that it becomes attractive to educated women. This will go a long way towards expanding the employment opportunities of rural women, thereby contributing to women's empowerment, ensuring food security and rural development at large.