Title: DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURE
IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON THE ROLE OF EDUCATION
Authors: Veronica Pala,
Pyallie D. Sangma
2Pyallie D. Sangma 1. Assistant Professor, Department of Economics,
North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India 2. Research Scholar, Department of Economics,
North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India *Corresponding Author
MLA 8 Pala, Veronica, and Pyallie D. Sangma. "DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURE IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON THE ROLE OF EDUCATION." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 6, June 2018, pp. 2771-2782, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=188. Accessed 2018.
APA Pala, V., & Sangma, P. (2018, June). DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURE IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON THE ROLE OF EDUCATION. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(6), 2771-2782.
Chicago Pala, Veronica, and Pyallie D. Sangma. "DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURE IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON THE ROLE OF EDUCATION." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 6 (June 2018), 2771-2782. Accessed , 2018.
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Abstract: Using data from the National Sample Survey on Employment and Unemployment in the 68th
round, i.e. in 2011-12, in this paper we have explored several variables as possible determinants
of rural women's participation in agriculture in India. We have estimated a maximum likelihood
probit model to examine the contribution of different factors. Women coming from land owning
households and households deriving their income mainly from agricultural sector are more likely
to work in agriculture. However, the most important determinant is education. As the educational
level attained increases, the participation of women in agriculture declines sharply. Other
variables like economic status, age, marital status and belonging to scheduled caste/ tribe are not
found to be strong determinants. This could be due to the fact that the rural areas offer limited
employment opportunities, other than agriculture - based activities. The literature has
emphasized the role of women in providing labour to this sector. But our analysis shows that
with the increase in education, working women withdraw from agriculture, and possibly
withdraw from the labour force in the absence of other employment avenues. Therefore, the
agricultural sector is in great need of special attention. Schemes for diversification,
modernization and increasing farmers' income are required to be implemented and not confined
to the rhetoric so that it becomes attractive to educated women. This will go a long way towards
expanding the employment opportunities of rural women, thereby contributing to women's
empowerment, ensuring food security and rural development at large.
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