International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
INDIA AND ITS OLD DIASPORA: GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND ITS RELEVANCE TOWARDS THE INDIAN GRIMITIYA DIASPORA TO CONNECT HOME

Authors:
Mohamed Musthafa KT

|| ||

Mohamed Musthafa KT
PhD Research Scholar, UGC Center for Study of Indian Diaspora, University of Hyderabad, Telangana, India

MLA 8
KT, Mohamed Musthafa. "INDIA AND ITS OLD DIASPORA: GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND ITS RELEVANCE TOWARDS THE INDIAN GRIMITIYA DIASPORA TO CONNECT HOME." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 7, July 2018, pp. 3101-3109, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=214. Accessed 2018.
APA
KT, M. (2018, July). INDIA AND ITS OLD DIASPORA: GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND ITS RELEVANCE TOWARDS THE INDIAN GRIMITIYA DIASPORA TO CONNECT HOME. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(7), 3101-3109. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=214
Chicago
KT, Mohamed Musthafa. "INDIA AND ITS OLD DIASPORA: GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND ITS RELEVANCE TOWARDS THE INDIAN GRIMITIYA DIASPORA TO CONNECT HOME." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 7 (July 2018), 3101-3109. Accessed , 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=214.

References
[1]. Brown, Judith m. 2007. Global South Asians, Introducing the modern Diaspora, Cambridge University Press Private Limited, Cambridge
[2]. Northurp.1995. Indentured Laborin the Age of imperialism 1834-1922. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge
[3]. C Clarke, C Peach and S vertovec. 1990. South Asian Oversea. Migration and Ethnicity. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
[4]. Sekhar, T.V. 1997. Migration and Social Change, Rawat Publication, New Delhi
[5]. Jabir, Muhammed. M.M. 2014. Reintegration of Return migrants in Kerala: Policy iniatives and challenges. International journal of African studies. VOl 4 Population of Overseas Indians. 2017. Ministry of External Affairs (http://mea.gov.in/images/attach/NRIs-and-PIOs_1.pdf)
[6]. World Population Prospects. 2015. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/publications/world-population-prospects-2015- revision.html)
[7]. Know Indian Programme for Young Indians. 2018. Ministry of External Affairs. http://kip.gov.in/.www.mea.gov.in
[8]. The Economic Times. 2017. Indian Diaspora can now apply for OCI card till December 31 The Economic Times. .27th June (https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-andnation/indian-diaspora-can-now-apply-for-oci-card-till-december31/articleshow/59337949.cms)
[9]. Ved, Mahendra. 2018. Indian Diaspora growing. 22nd June. New Straits Times. (https://www1.nst.com.my/opinion/columnists/2018/01/327515/indian-diaspora-growing)
[10]. Pbdindia.gov.in
[11]. Duttagupta, Ishani. 2015. Diaspora welcome changes in the format of Pravasi Bharatiya Divas. 26th October. The Economic Times. (https://blogs.economictimes.indiatimes.com/globalindian/diaspora-welcomes-change-informat-of-pravasi-bharatiya-divas/)
[12]. Sreenivasan. 2016. Diplomacy and the Diaspora. 23rd August. The Hindu. (http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/Diplomacy-and-thediaspora/article14583813.ece)
[13]. https://www.mea.gov.in/Portal/CountryQuickLink/703_PIO-OCI.pdf

Abstract:
Indian Diaspora is one of the most powerful Diaspora in the world. India is leading with 31 million Diaspora (312, 33,234) across the world except San Marino and Holy See. Indian Diaspora consists two sections and they are labelled as a Person of Indian Origin (PIO) and Non Resident of Indian (NRI). The PIO refers to a foreign citizen ( except a national of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Iran, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Nepal) who at any time held an Indian passport or who or either of their of parents/ grandparents/ great grandparents were born and were a permanent resident in India as defined in Government of India Act, 1935 and other territories that became part of India thereafter provided neither was at any time a citizen of any of the aforesaid countries or who is a spouse of citizen of India or a Person of Indian origin (www.mea.gov.in). Share of the PIO is 58 percent of Indian Diaspora (179, 05,796) and 42 percent of Indian Diaspora is NRI population (133, 27,438).NRI refers to an Indian citizen who is ordinarily residing outside India and holds an Indian passport. Aforesaid percentage of the PIO population shows its depth and relevance. Now Indian Grimititiya Diaspora is connecting to home land through their successors as PIO. Government of India has been careful about Indian old Diaspora from time to time and they have been implementing different policies for the same, especially for the old Diaspora to connect them to their home land. Adal Bihari Vajpeyi, the former prime minister of India is the first Prime Minister to appoint a high level committee under the Chairmanship of the L H Singhavi to study about Indian Diaspora thoroughly. On the basis of the recommendation of the Singhavi committee, the Government launched different policies to make a bridge between one's host land and home land of Indian Diaspora especially old Diaspora as Indian Grimitya Diaspora. This Paper mainly talks about the Government's different policies towards Old Indian Diaspora (Indenture/ Grimitya) and how did these policies connect them to their home land. The paper also tries to see whether the government policies have helped the Grimitiya Diaspora to connect with their home land socially and culturally.