International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
MATERIALS AND SOURCES ON AHL-I HAQ IN KURDISTAN

Authors:
Dr. Rashad S. Miran

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Dr. Rashad S. Miran
Salahadin University- Erbil, Iraq

MLA 8
Miran, Dr. Rashad S. "MATERIALS AND SOURCES ON AHL-I HAQ IN KURDISTAN." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 7, July 2018, pp. 3240-3264, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=227. Accessed July 2018.
APA
Miran, D. S. (2018, July). MATERIALS AND SOURCES ON AHL-I HAQ IN KURDISTAN. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(7), 3240-3264. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=227
Chicago
Miran, Dr. Rashad S. "MATERIALS AND SOURCES ON AHL-I HAQ IN KURDISTAN." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 7 (July 2018), 3240-3264. Accessed July, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=227.

References
[1]. Belyaev E. A.; Musulmanskoye Sektantstvo. Moscow, 1957
[2]. Vassilyev L. S.; Istoria religii Vostoka. Moscow, 1983
[3]. Gherni O. P.; Hetti. Translation from English by N. M. Lozinsky and N. A. Tolstoy. Moscow, 1987
[4]. Zhukovsky V.; Sekta Lyudei Istini- Ahl-i haq v Persii. In the book: Zapiski Vostochnogo Otdela Imperaterskogo Arkheologichskogo Obshectvo. Vol. II, Issue I-II, St.-Petersburg, 1887
[5]. Menteshashvili A.M.; Kurdi. Moscow 1984.
[6]. Belyaev E. A.; Musulmanskoye Sektantstvo. Moscow, 1957
[7]. Vassilyev L. S.; Istoria religii Vostoka. Moscow, 1983
[8]. Gherni O. P.; Hetti. Translation from English by N. M. Lozinsky and N. A. Tolstoy. Moscow, 1987
[9]. Zhukovsky V.; Sekta Lyudei Istini- Ahl-i haq v Persii. In the book: Zapiski Vostochnogo Otdela Imperaterskogo Arkheologichskogo Obshectvo. Vol. II, Issue I-II, St.-Petersburg, 1887
[10]. Menteshashvili A.M.; Kurdi. Moscow 1984.
[11]. Minorsky V. F.; Materiali dlya Izuchenia Persidskoi Sekti Lyudi Istini eli Ali ilahi. Part I, Moscow, 1911.
[12]. Nikitin V.; Kurdi. Traslation from French, introduction and editing by I. O. Farizov. Moscow, 1964.
[13]. Stepanyants M.T.; Filosofskiye aspekti Sufizma. Moscow, 1987.
[14]. Ash-Shahristani, Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Karim; Kitab al-Milal wa-n-Nih'al. Part I, Islam.
[15]. Translation from Arabic, Introduction and comments by S. M. Prozorov. Moscow,1984.
[16]. Spazhnikov G.A; Religii Stran Zapodnoi Azii. Moscow, 1976.
References in English

[17]. Edmonds C.F.; Kurds, Turks and Arabs. Politics, travel and research in North-Eastern Iraq. London 1957
[18]. The Encyclopedia of Islam. London, 1934, vol.IV; 1960, vol.I.
[19]. Ivanov V.; The Truth- worshippers of Kurdistan. Ahl-i Haqq texts. A-7, Leiden- Holland, 1953.
[20]. Rawlinson; Notes on March from Zohab; at the foot of Zagros, along the mountains Khuristan (Susiana) and from thence through the province of Luristan to Kirmanshah, in the year 1836."The journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London" 1839, vol.IX.
[21]. Van Bruinessen M.M.; Agha, Shaikh and State. On the social and political organization of Kurdista. Utrecht, 1978.
References In Arabic

[22]. Ismail, Zuber Bilal. Arbil fi aduariha at-Tarikhiya. Najaf, 1970 Al-Azzawi, Abas. Al-Kakaiia fi at-Tarikh. Baghdad, 1949.
[23]. Khasbak, Shakir. Al-Akrad; Dirasa jughrafiya athnoghrafiya. Baghdad 1972.
[24]. Al-Rojbayani, Muhammad Jamil. Bandanjin (Mandali) fi at-Tarikh, qadiman wa H'adisan.
[25]. Journal of the Iraqi Academy of Science, Kurdish Department. Baghdad 1980, vol.7.
References in Kurdish

[26]. Kakaii, Hashim; Kakaii, Hardawel. Zarawai Macho. Al-Iraq newspaper, 21/11/1984.
[27]. Kakaii, hashim. Kakaii u gorani folklore. Magazine "Karwan", no.28, Erbil, 1985
[28]. Kakaii, Hashim; Kakaii Hardawel. Roshnaiyak bo mezhu. Magazine "karwan" no.38, Erbil 1985.
[29]. Hawari, Faiq Brakhas. Walamdanawa. Hawkari newspaper , no. 841,22/05/1986, Baghdad.
[30]. Hauramani, Muhammad Amin. Kakaii. Baghdad 1984.
[31]. Hauramani, Muhammad Amin. Adebi Yrsan. Magazine "Bayan" no.101-102, Baghdad 1984.
[32]. Minorsky V.; Goran. Translation from English language- Naji 'Abbas. Magazine "Galawezh" no.6-9, Baghdad 1944.

Abstract:
Ahl-i haq "Truth-Worshippers" are an ethno-confessional Kurdish community with own specific beliefs and religious features. They live in the Iraqi and Iranian parts of Kurdistan, they live also in Shiraz, Damawand mountains, Qazvin, and Azerbaijan. The adherents of Ahl-i haq religious community are known among other faith- believers as Aliilahi . This name reflects the belief of Ahl-i haq that Ali was an embodiment of God. On this ground, they are numbered among extreme Shiites. According to Ahl-i haq concepts, Ali b. Abi Talib was one embodiment of God, the first but not the principal one. In addition to him, there are more important embodiments of God: Shakhoshin, Sultan Is'haq, since, the truth (haq) was revealed at their time. From this point of view, these legendary persons are more eligible to be commemorated in the name of the community than Ali. Ahl-i haq religion is strictly monotheistic: God is the only creator, and nobody helped him in the creation of the world. Monotheism is revealed in the central Sufi dogma- Wahdat al-Wujud (unity of existence). God has multiply embodied in people. The last embodiment will occur on the Day of Resurrection. Religious texts mention only seven embodiments of God; proceeding from the analysis of the sources, we assume that the first "real" embodiment of God (don) was Ali b. Abi Talib, rather than Khavandgar. The latter was God himself in the period of creation of the Universe. In each period God was surrounded by four angels, each of angels embodying in real person. "Jam" is the general assembly which convened not only for religious purposes, but also for marriages, for decision-making on political and administrative matters, etc. The assemblies are held in a specially allocated place "Jamkhane".