International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
AGRICULTURE EXTENSION IN THE ERA OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Authors:
Zahron Helmy, Yoyon Haryanto

|| ||

1Zahron Helmy, 1Yoyon Haryanto
1Agricultural Extension Officer - Ministry of Agriculture Indonesia

MLA 8
Helmy, Zahron, and Yoyon Haryanto. "AGRICULTURE EXTENSION IN THE ERA OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 7, July 2018, pp. 3343-3356, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=233. Accessed July 2018.
APA
Helmy, Z., & Haryanto, Y. (2018, July). AGRICULTURE EXTENSION IN THE ERA OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(7), 3343-3356. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=233
Chicago
Helmy, Zahron, and Yoyon Haryanto. "AGRICULTURE EXTENSION IN THE ERA OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 7 (July 2018), 3343-3356. Accessed July, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=233.

References
[1]. Adekoya, A. E. 2007. Cyber Extension Communication: A Strategic Model for Agricultural and Rural Transformation in Nigeria. International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 5(1): 366-368.
[2]. Alemna A.A dan Joel Sam. 2006. Critical Issues in Information and Communication Technologies for Rural Development in Ghana. Journal Information Development 22(4).
[3]. Amanah S. 2009. Resensi buku Cess Leuwis 2004; Communication for rural innovation. Jurnal Sodality. 3(3): 395-406 doi: 10.22500/sodality.v3i3.5856
[4]. David S. 2007. Learning to Think for Ourselves: Knowledge Improvement and Social Benefits among Farmer Field School Participants in Cameroon. Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education, 14(2): 35-49.
[5]. Davis K, G Faure, S M Nahdy, S Chipeta. 2009. Institutional Changes and Challenges for Agricultural Advisory Services in Africa. In: Pafarini, C. and Santucci, F.M. (Eds), Theory and Practice of Advisory Work in a Time of Turbulences. Proceedings of the 19th Seminar on Extension Education. September 2009, Domus Pacis, Santa Maria degli Angeli-Assisi (Perugia), Italy.
[6]. FAO. 2000. Decentralizing Agricultural Extension (AKIS). Washingtion (US): The World Bank
[7]. Habermas J. 2002. A Conversation About God and The World, Interview With Eduardo Mandieta, dalam Religion and Rationality: Essays on Reason. God and Modernity. Cornwall: MIT Press.
[8]. Haryanto Y. 2018. Penguatan Kapasitas dan Kemandirian Tokoh Petani Maju sebagai Penyuluh Swadaya. [Disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB.
[9]. Helmy Z. Sumardjo. Purnaningsih N. Tjitropranoto P. 2013. Hubungan kompetensi penyuluh dengan karakteristik pribadi, persepsi penyuluh terhadap dukungan kelembagaan dan persepsi penyuluh terhadap sifat inovasi cyber extension. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi. 31(1): 1-18.
[10]. Kementerian Dalam Negeri. 2015. Permendagri No. 39 Tahun 2015 tentang kode dan data wilayah administrasi. [Internet]. http://www.kemendagri.go.id/produkhukum/2015/03/16/dfg.
[11]. Kementerian Pertanian. Undang-Undang Nomor 19 Tahun 2013 tentang Perlindungan dan Pemberdayaan Petani. Jakarta (ID): Sekjen Kementan
[12]. Kerka S. 1998. Extension Today and Tommorrow. Trends and Issues Alert. [Internet]. http://www.cete.org/acve/docgen.asp?tbl=tia&ID=121.
[13]. Khan MR dan Rahman MA. 2007. Partnership Approach to Disaster Management in Bangladesh: A Critical Policy Assessment. (41):359-378.
[14]. Leeuwis C. & van den Ban. 2004. Communication for Rural Innovation. Rethinking Agricultural Extension 3rd ed. Oxford (UK): Blackwell Publishing.
[15]. Lippitt R. Watson J. Westley B. 1958. Planned Change: A Comparative Study of Principles and Techniques. New York (US): Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.
[16]. Listiana I. 2018. Pengaruh Pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi terhadap Kapasitas Penyuluh Pertanian. [Disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB.
[17]. Marsh S and D Pannell. 2002. Agricultural Extension in Australia:The Changing Roles of Public and Private Sector Providers. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. 44(4): doi: 10.1111/1467-8489.00126
[18]. Patterson TF. 1998. A New Paradigm for Extension Administration. Journal of Extension. 36(1).
[19]. Prawiranegara D. 2016. Penguatan peran kelembagaan petani dalam peningkatan kapabilitas petani mengelola inovasi berbasis teknologi informasi. [Disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB.
[20]. Punjabi VAM. 2001. In Search of a New Paradigm for Agricultural Extension in India. Centre for Management in Agriculture, Indian Institute of Management. [Internet]. http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/20763/1 /sp01ah01.pdf
[21]. Pusluhtan Kementerian Pertanian]. 2017. Simluhtan: Data Penyuluh dan Kelembagaan. [Internet]. app2.pertanian.go.id/simluh2014/
[22]. Rhoades R.E. 1990. Models, means and methods: rethinking rural development research. Asian Training of Trainers. 5:10-14.
[23]. Rivera WM. 1991. World-wide institutional evolution and forces of change. FAO. [Internet]. http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID= XF2015031115.
[24]. Rogers EM. 2003. Diffusion of Innovations. Fifth Edition. New York (US): The Free Pr.
[25]. Setiawan I. 2015. Perkembangan kemandirian pelaku brain gain sebagai alternatif inovasi regenerasi pelaku agribisnis di dataran tinggi Jawa Barat. [Disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
[26]. Singh B. 2009. Partnership in Agricultural Extension: Needed Paradigm Shift. Journal of Extension and Education. 9(3): 1-5.
[27]. Slamet M. 2001. Paradigma baru penyuluhan pertanian di era otonomi daerah. Makalah Pelatihan di Univ. Andalas Juli 2006. [Internet]. https://margonoipb.files. wordpress.com/
[28]. Subejo. 2009. Revolusi Hijau dan Penyuluhan Pertanian. Tokyo: Indonesian Agricultural Sciences Association. [Internet]. www.iasa-pusat.org/artikel/revolusihijau-dan-penyuluhanpertanian.
[29]. Sumardjo. 2010. Penyuluhan Menuju Pengembangan Kapital Manusia dan Kapital Sosial dalam Mewujudkan Kesejahteraan Rakyat. Orasi Ilmiah Guru Besar Tetap Fakultas Ekologi Manusia.
[31]. Swanson BE. Rajalahti R. 2010. Strengthening Agricultural Extension and Advisory Systems: Procedures for Assessing, Transforming, and Evaluating Extension Systems. Agriculture and Rural Development Discussion Paper 44. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, Washington. [Internet]. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTARD/Resources/stren_combined_web.pdf
[32]. Syahyuti. 2014. Peran Strategis Penyuluh Swadaya dalam Paradigma Baru Penyuluhan Pertanian Indonesia. Forum Agro Ekonomi. 32(1).43-58.
[33]. Tjitropranoto P. 2003. Penyuluh Pertanian: Masa Kini dan Masa Depan. Di dalam: Yustina I, Sudradjat A, penyunting. Membentuk Pola Perilaku Manusia Pembangunan. Bogor (ID): IPB Press

Abstract:
Agriculture extension of the new era has come because the need of participatory approach starting of the identification of problems, planning, implementation until the evaluation phase. the research method is descriptive use data of 2013 to 2018 related to agricultural extension in indonesia. it was concluded, agricultural extensionist in the era of information technology must have advantage to support the role as agents of change in the rural areas. Strategies to achieve these goals: first, change the conventional agricultural extensionist as a consultant able to analyze the potential of agriculture, open up opportunities for agribusiness, and play an active role in the agricultural business. second, the center of modern agricultural extension as information and innovation center based on technology and internet. third, encourage and accelerate the economic institutional of farmers with business orientation, and entrepreneurial skills. The three transformation prerequisites are met became the breakthrough for developing online agriculture extension as an effort to revitalize the function of agricultural extension services to provide information, education and support the farmers decision-making process. Therefore, the conventional agricultural extension paradigm should change immediately in the era of information technology, and leaving the old patterns of government or top down, as a driver of agricultural extension.