International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
FOCUS ON BETTER PLANNING FOR FLOOD DISASTER RECOVERY IN WEST BENGAL: A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS

Authors:
RUMANA KHATUN

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RUMANA KHATUN
Research Scholar, Department of Geography, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, (India)

MLA 8
KHATUN, RUMANA. "FOCUS ON BETTER PLANNING FOR FLOOD DISASTER RECOVERY IN WEST BENGAL: A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 8, Aug. 2018, pp. 3673-3691, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=256. Accessed Aug. 2018.
APA
KHATUN, R. (2018, August). FOCUS ON BETTER PLANNING FOR FLOOD DISASTER RECOVERY IN WEST BENGAL: A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(8), 3673-3691. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=256
Chicago
KHATUN, RUMANA. "FOCUS ON BETTER PLANNING FOR FLOOD DISASTER RECOVERY IN WEST BENGAL: A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 8 (August 2018), 3673-3691. Accessed August, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=256.

References
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Abstract:
The United Nation defines a disaster as a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society. Generally people think disaster management is an emergency relief period and the post disaster rehabilitation. But the successful disaster management planning must enlace the situation that done through pre, during and post disasters. The present paper explores the better plans for some flood prone districts in West Bengal. As India is a mother land of several mighty rivers and their tributaries, therefore floods occur in different part of the country mostly in every year. Although flood hazards are not a new phenomenon in this state but till the era of 21st century, West Bengal is unable to minimize the fatalities of flood hazards in greater extent due to lack of modern management plans and policies. Secondary sources of data and imagery were utilized from West Bengal Disaster Management Department, Disaster Services to show the extension of flood prone zones and damages during 2011 to 2017 in West Bengal. West Bengal has been traditionally susceptible to the flood disaster because of its unique geo-climatic conditions and locations. Almost all the districts are affected by flood from July to October except relatively scarce in Darjeeling in North Bengal and Bankura & Purulia in South Bengal. According to the Irrigation Department, of West Bengal, forty two percentage of the total geographical area and sixty nine percentage of its net cropped area have been identified as flood prone area. In this regard the successful and better disaster management planning must encompass with preparedness, early warning, response, relief and restoration phases.