Title: REVIEWING METANARRATIVE FROM THE OUTLOOK OF
LYOTARD'S POSTMODERN DISCOURSES
Authors: Soumya Narayan Datta
Soumya Narayan Datta
Guest lecturer, Department of Sociology
Bijoy Krishna Girls' College, Howrah, West Bengal
MLA 8 Datta, Soumya Narayan. "REVIEWING METANARRATIVE FROM THE OUTLOOK OF LYOTARD'S POSTMODERN DISCOURSES." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 8, Aug. 2018, pp. 3910-3922, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=272. Accessed Aug. 2018.
APA Datta, S. (2018, August). REVIEWING METANARRATIVE FROM THE OUTLOOK OF LYOTARD'S POSTMODERN DISCOURSES. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(8), 3910-3922. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=272
Chicago Datta, Soumya Narayan. "REVIEWING METANARRATIVE FROM THE OUTLOOK OF LYOTARD'S POSTMODERN DISCOURSES." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 8 (August 2018), 3910-3922. Accessed August, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=272.
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and Readings (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
. Chougule, R.B. (2016). A conceptual study of postmodernism with reference to jean
baudrillard michel Foucault jean francois lyotard and jacques derrida. Department of English,
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University : Aurangabad.
. Smart, Barry. (2013). Postmodernity: Key Ideas. New York, USA: Routledge.
Abstract: Metanarrative or grand narrative is a term developed by Jean-Francois Lyotard to mean a theory
that tries to give a totalizing, comprehensive account to various historical events, experiences,
and social and cultural phenomena based upon the appeal to universal truth or universal values.
In his book 'The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge', Lyotard analyzes
the epistemology of postmodern culture as the end of 'grand narratives' or metanarratives which
he considers a quintessential feature of modernity. According to Lyotard, reductionism and
teleological notions of human history such as those of the Enlightenment and Marxism are
among the metanarratives that have become untenable by technological progress in the areas
of communication, mass media and computer science. Lyotard also professes a preference for the
plurality of small narratives that compete with each other, replacing the totalitarianism of grand
narratives. With the transition from modern to postmodern, Lyotard proposes that metanarratives
should give way to 'petits recits', or more modest and "localized" narratives. Borrowing from the
works of Wittgenstein and his theory of the "models of discourse", Lyotard constructs his vision
of a progressive politics that is grounded in the cohabitation of a whole range of diverse and
always locally legitimated language games.
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