International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
DIFFERENCES IN LITERACY: AN INTEGRATED BLOCK LEVEL ANALYSIS IN WESTERN PART OF WEST BENGAL

Authors:
Somnath Mandal

|| ||

Somnath Mandal
Junior Research Fellow, Department of Geography, Sidho Kanho Birsha University

MLA 8
Mandal, Somnath. "DIFFERENCES IN LITERACY: AN INTEGRATED BLOCK LEVEL ANALYSIS IN WESTERN PART OF WEST BENGAL." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 8, Aug. 2018, pp. 3941-3956, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=275. Accessed Aug. 2018.
APA
Mandal, S. (2018, August). DIFFERENCES IN LITERACY: AN INTEGRATED BLOCK LEVEL ANALYSIS IN WESTERN PART OF WEST BENGAL. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(8), 3941-3956. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=275
Chicago
Mandal, Somnath. "DIFFERENCES IN LITERACY: AN INTEGRATED BLOCK LEVEL ANALYSIS IN WESTERN PART OF WEST BENGAL." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 8 (August 2018), 3941-3956. Accessed August, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=275.

References
[1]. Gibson John, "Literacy and Intrahousehold Externalities" World Development, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 155 -166, 2001.
[2]. DrezeJean and LohJackie, "Literacy in India and China", Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 30, No. 45, pp. 2868-2878, Nov. 1995.
[3]. Tully Alan, "Literacy Levels and Educational Development in Rural Pennsylvania 1729- 1775", Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 301- 312, JULY. 1972
[4]. Fransman, J., Understanding literacy, Background paper for EFA Global Monitoring Report 2006, p. 148, 2005.
[5]. UNESCO, EFA Global Monitoring Report 2006: Education for All - Is the World on Track? Paris, 2006b, pp. 147-159
[6]. MasagaoRibeiro V. and Gomes Batista A. A., Commitments and challenges towards a literate Brazil. Background paper for EFA Global Monitoring Report 2006, 2005., https://www.dvv-international.de/adult-education-and-development/editions/aed672006/literacy-for-life/commitments-and-challenges-of-a-literate-brazil/ [Accessed on 08 Jun. 2018]
[7]. Brosh-Vaitz S., on the state of literacy in Israel. Background paper for EFA Global Monitoring Report 2006, 2005., http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001459/145954e.pdf [Accessed on 08 Jun. 2018]
[8]. Bunyi G. W., Real options for literacy policy and practice in Kenya. Background paper for EFA Global Monitoring Report 2006, 2005., http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001459/145956e.pdf [Accessed on 08 Jun. 2018]
[9]. Govinda R. and Biswal K., Literacy: real options for policy and practice in India. Background paper for EFA Global Monitoring Report 2006, 2005. http://www.nuepa.org/Download/Publications/Create/CAR%202008/India_CAR.pdf [Accessed on 08 Jun. 2018]
[10]. Koirala B. N. and Aryal B. R., Options for policy and practice in Nepal. Background paper for EFA Global Monitoring Report 2006, 2005. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001474/147478e.pdf [Accessed on 08 Jun. 2018]
[11]. Definition of Literate, https://www.merriam webster.com/dictionary/literate, [Accessed on 08 Jun.2018]
[12]. Census of India, Primary Census Abstract (Part B),NewDelhi, 2011.
[13]. SahaParijatKeshar and Prof. Md. HalderKutubuddin, "Micro Level Analysis of Inequality of Rural Female Literacy Distribution of Different Districts of West Bengal", IJHSSI, Volume 7, Issue 03 Ver. IV, pp. 19-28, March. 2018.
[14]. Kumar Narender, Kumar Naresh, and Rani Ritu, "Gender Disparity in Literacy: Districts Level Evidence fromSelected States of India", Educational Quest: An Int. J. of Education and Applied Social Sciences, Vol 7, Issue 3, pp. 243-254, December 2016.
[15]. JhariyaGhanshyam Prasad, Dr. Jain C.K., "Pattern and Differential of Literacy in Madhya Pradesh", IOSR-JHSS, Vol. 19, Issue 9, Ver. I, PP 77-84, Sep. 2014.
[16]. RazaMoonis and AggarwalY.P., "Inequalities in the Levels of Literacy of India", NIEPA Occasional Paper, 1983
[17]. Subramanian S., "Measuring literacy: some extensions of theBasu-Foster framework", Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 73, pp. 453- 463, 2004.
[18]. Adiseshiah M S., "Education as a tool for economic change," Yojana, Vol. 38,Nos. 1 &2, pp. 18-20, 1994.
[19]. Aggarwal J. C., Progress of Education in India, Arya Book Depot, Delhi, 1996.
[20]. Arora, G.L., "Teacher education: Search for alternatives" Yojana, Vol. 37, No.13,pp. 11- 13, 1993.
[21]. Awasthi D.N., "Indian education system in the global context", Journal ofIndia Education, Vol. XXVIII, No. 1, pp. 85-100, 2002.
[22]. Banerjee R., "Why do not children complete primary school? A case study oflow income neighbourhood in Delhi?" Economic and Political Weekly, Vol.XXXIV, No. 32, pp. 2053-2063, 1997.
[23]. Bhandari R.K., "Better education, better nation", Yojana, Vol. 29, No. 7,pp. 4-8, 1985.
[24]. Blang M., "Approaches to educational planning", Economic Journal, Vol. 77,No. 30, pp. 262-281, 1967.
[25]. Bose A.B., "Educational development among scheduled caste", Man in India,Vol. 50, No.3, pp. 17-22, 1970.
[26]. Byun H.Y. and Kim Y.S., "Education and worker productivity: Socioeconomicfactors of Japan," Asian Profde, Vol. 23, No.2, pp. 105-112, 1995.
[27]. Bhattacharya R.N., "Tribal literacy in West Bengal", Man in India, Vol. 81,Nos. 1&2, pp. 244-247, 2001.
[28]. Gosal C.S., "Literacy in India: An interpretative study," Geographical Reviewof India, Vol. 29, pp. 276-285, 1964.
[29]. Gosai G. S., "Regional aspects of rural literacy in India," Transaction of theIndian Council of Geographers, Vol. 4, pp. 1-14, 1967.
[30]. Joshi P.K., "Education, technology adoption and agricultural productivity,"Indian Journal of Agricultural Economies, Vol. 56, No. 1, pp. 33-34, 2001.

Abstract:
The present study is concern with the differences in literacy among three districts as well as 71 numbers of blocks which are situated at the extreme western part of West Bengal. Literacy is one of the most significant social indicator which is vividly upgrading the overall condition of a country or region. The study examines the level of literacy of different blocks in western districts of West Bengal that is Purulia, Bankura and Paschim Medinipur using statistical as well as cartographic techniques. Differences are portraying with the help of secondary data. This study also highlights the inter block inequalities in literacy. The study found Paschim Medinipur district is securely positioned in top among these districts. In block level, Sabang block occupies a remarkable place in terms of literacy level. Availability, accessibility of educational institutions, school infrastructure and socio-economic condition triggered the literacy level as well as education level of a region.