International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
QUEER ACTIVISM ON INTERNET

Authors:
Biju. P. R, Gayathri O

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1Biju. P. R, 2Gayathri O
1. Assistant Professor and H o D, Department of Political Science, Government Brennen College, Kerala.
2. Assistant Professor and H o D, Department of Political Science, Government College Madappally, Kerala.

MLA 8
P.R., Biju., and Gayathri O. "QUEER ACTIVISM ON INTERNET." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 8, Aug. 2018, pp. 4023-4040, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=283. Accessed Aug. 2018.
APA
P.R., B., & O, G. (2018, August). QUEER ACTIVISM ON INTERNET. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(8), 4023-4040. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=283
Chicago
P.R., Biju., and Gayathri O. "QUEER ACTIVISM ON INTERNET." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 8 (August 2018), 4023-4040. Accessed August, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=283.

References
[1]. Calvin Thomas, (ed), 'Introduction: Identification, Appropriation, Proliferation', in Straight with a Twist: Queer Theory and the Subject of Heterosexuality, Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2000.
[2]. See the writings of the both the writers, Judith Butler, Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity, New York: Routledge, 1990 and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Epistemology of the closet, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
[3]. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) communities in India are sexual marginals that are often out of the Indian mainstream and stayed away from public gathering and the town square. Their struggle for identity is called queer politics.
[4]. To read more about Indian queer, see, Arvind Narrain and Gautam Bhan (eds), Because I have a voice, New Delhi: Yoda Press, 2009., Suparna Bhaskaran, Made in India: Decolonization, queer sexualities, trans/national projects, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004 and Nivedita Menon, (ed), Sexualities, London ; New York : Zed, 2007.
[5]. Iyengar, Swaroopa, 'The Internet: India's Different Gay Divide', Wired Magazine, San Francisco, available at , accessed on 05 August 2013.
[6]. This idea has been at the centre of writings of many scholars who specialised on queer studies. For examples, Anne Philips, The Politics of Presence, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998., Nancy Fraser, 'Social Justice in the age of Identity Politics: Redistribution, Recognition and Participation' in Grethe B. Peterson (eds), The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, Vol. 19, Salt Lake City, UT: The University of Utah Pres, 1998, pp. 1-67 and Iris Marian Young, Justice and the Politics of Difference, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.
[7]. www.sahodaran.org
[8]. http://mingle.org.in/
[9]. See, Mingle, , accessed on 18 August 2013.
[10]. www.bombaydost.co.in
[11]. www.pink-pages.co.in
[12]. See, Pink Pages, , accessed on 18 August 2013.
[13]. www.galva108.org
[14]. See, QueerCampus, viewed on, https://www.facebook.com/qcampusonline/info, accessed on 18 August 2013.
[15]. See, https://www.facebook.com/events/460572877327787/
[16]. See http://mingle.org.in/
[17]. Mingle, , accessed on 18 August 2013.
[18]. www.planetromeo.com
[19]. http://www.pinksofa.com
[20]. www.rainbowprideconnection.net/
[21]. www.gaybombay.org
[22]. http://queerazaadi.wordpress.com/
[23]. http://gaysifamily.com
[24]. www.facebook.com/jiahmag, accessed on 02 September 2013
[25]. http://sahodari.org/thirunangai/
[26]. http://www.sahodari.org
[27]. http://www.humsafar.org/
[28]. EROTICS: sex, rights and the Internet, An Exploratory research study, association for progressive communications (APC), 2011, (APC-201107-WNSP-R-EN-PDF-0102) accessed on 01 November 2014, p.26.
[29]. Jac sm Kee, EROTICS: Exploratory Research on Sexuality and the Internet (APC), February 2010, available at (APC-201102-WNSP-IP-EN-PDF-0095), accessed on 01 November 2014.
[30]. Indian queer engage in the discourse of sexuality by confronting the social institutions of compulsory heterosexuality and hetero-normativity and exposing the restrictions caused by their normalising effects on gender, sexuality, class, caste and religion
[31]. Thomas 2000.
[32]. Scholarship on this area is available in many writings. For example, see Amara Das Wilhelm, 'Tritiya-Prakriti: People of the Third Sex: Understanding Homosexuality, Transgender Identity and Intersex Conditions through Hinduism', Xlibris, Corp, 2010 and Ruth Vanita and Saleem Kidwai, Same-Sex Love in India: Readings from Literature and History, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.
[33]. The Times of India, Delhi, 3 July 2009, Front Page 1
[34]. Harish V Nair, 'It's not a crime to be gay', Hindustan Times, 02 July 2009, available at , accessed on 29 August 2013.
[35]. Vinay Sitapati, Sexuality Equality, Indian express, 03 Jul 2009, < http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/sexuality-equality/484498/>, accessed on 29 August 2013.
[36]. Dipak Kumar Dash and Sanjay Yadav, 'In a first, Gurgaon court recognizes lesbian marriage', The Times of India, 29 Jul 2011, < http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/gurgaon/In-a-first-Gurgaon-court-recognizes-lesbianmarriage/articleshow/9401421.cms>, accessed on 31 August 2013.
[37]. IANS, 'Indian gays and lesbians romancing in toilets, stores', Mid Day, 23 December 2012, < http://www.mid-day.com/articles/indian-gays-and-lesbians-romancing-in-toiletsstores/193742>, accessed on 25 August 2013.
[38]. Hijras and aravanis are, descriptively speaking, transgender/transsexual women's identities in South Asia.
[39]. Fabrice Houdart, 'From India: Sexual Minorities and the Gender Agenda', 17May2012, < http://blogs.worldbank.org/endpovertyinsouthasia/india-sexual-minorities-and-genderagenda>, accessed on 18 August 2013.
[40]. Kothis are effeminate gay men who mostly come from working or lower middle classes and largely identify as the passive sexual partner, though not exclusively.
[41]. See Sedgwick 1990, Butler 1990.
[42]. K S. Young, Cybersexual Addiction, 1999, accessed on 14 December 2014.

Abstract:
Internet is providing opportunities for sexual minorities. It is a place for activism of the kind least heard. Sexual minorities network on it. Building social capital, disseminating information, protesting, the use of Internet for the cause of sexual minorities is enormous. In the West, studies on the interplay between LGBT and Internet has already claimed considerable acceptance. There is huge literature existing on this area. In a society where things related to one's sexuality cannot be openly acknowledged, since oppression and shaming is so high. In such a situation, a place like Internet, where people can communicate by secrecy can heavily contribute to people who wanted to communicate their sexuality and problems related it intimate elements in life. Here comes the social significance of Internet for sexual minorities. In India, there is a dearth of scholarship. This area of research hasn't so far found any visibility in academia and public sphere in India. Their issues need more attention and acknowledgement. This paper investigates the trends emerging in the trajectory of queer movement in India and the diffusion of Internet in to almost all social spaces. The paper identifies some concerns as well the prospects of Internet for the cause of queer movement in India.