International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
THE REVITALIZATION OF POSYANDU IN THE FRAMEWORK OF DECENTRALIZATION AND VILLAGE AUTONOMY IN NORTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA

Authors:
Februati Trimurni Tambunan; Norma Binti Mansor

|| ||

Februati Trimurni Tambunan1; Norma Binti Mansor2
Department of Administrative Studies and Politics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

MLA 8
Tambunan, Februati Trimurni, and Norma Binti Mansor. "THE REVITALIZATION OF POSYANDU IN THE FRAMEWORK OF DECENTRALIZATION AND VILLAGE AUTONOMY IN NORTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 8, Aug. 2018, pp. 4122-4142, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=291. Accessed Aug. 2018.
APA
Tambunan, F., & Mansor, N. (2018, August). THE REVITALIZATION OF POSYANDU IN THE FRAMEWORK OF DECENTRALIZATION AND VILLAGE AUTONOMY IN NORTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(8), 4122-4142. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=291
Chicago
Tambunan, Februati Trimurni, and Norma Binti Mansor. "THE REVITALIZATION OF POSYANDU IN THE FRAMEWORK OF DECENTRALIZATION AND VILLAGE AUTONOMY IN NORTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 8 (August 2018), 4122-4142. Accessed August, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=291.

References
[1]. Alderfer, H. F. (1964). Local Government in Developing Countries. New York: McGraw-Hill.
[2]. Badan Pusat Statistik (2013), North Sumatera In Figure 2013, Medan: Badan Pusat Statistik Sumatera Utara.
[3]. Badan Pusat Statistik (2014), North Sumatera In Figure 2014, Medan: Badan Pusat Statistik Sumatera Utara.
[4]. Badan Pusat Statistik (2015), North Sumatera In Figure 2015, Medan: Badan Pusat Statistik Sumatera Utara.
[5]. Badan Pusat Statistik (2016), North Sumatera In Figure 2015, Medan: Badan Pusat Statistik Sumatera Utara.
[6]. Cheema, G. S., & Rondinelli, D. A. (1983). Decentralization and development: Policy implementation in developing countries: Sage Publications. http://detik.com. (2017). Sri Mulyani: Ada 131 Daerah yang Setengah APBD Habis Buat Gaji PNS. Retrieved 2 Juni, 2017
[7]. Hart, D. K. (1972). Theories of government related to decentralization and citizen participation. Public Administration Review, 32 (January-February).
[8]. Kementerian Keuangan, D.J.P.K. (2015). http://www.djpk.kemenkeu.go.id/?p=5412. Retrieved 20 Juni, 2016
[9]. Kementerian Kesehatan (2012a). Ayo ke Posyandu setiap bulan Retrieved from http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/promosi-kesehatan/buku-saku- posyandu.pdf database
[10]. Kementerian Kesehatan (2012b). Buku Saku Posyandu "The Pocketbook of Posyandu". Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.
[11]. Kementerian Kesehatan (2015). Profil Kesehatan, The Health Profile: Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.
[12]. Maddick, H. (1963). Democracy, decentralisation and development. India: Asia Publishing House.
[13]. Mawhood, P. (1983). Local government in the third world: The experience of decentralization in tropical Africa: Africa Institute of South Africa.
[14]. Nazri, C., Yamazaki, C., Kameo, S., Herawati, D. M., Sekarwana, N., Raksanagara, A., & Koyama, H. (2015). Factors influencing mother's participation in Posyandu for improving nutritional status of children under-five in Aceh Utara district, Aceh province, Indonesia. BMC public health, 16(1), 69.
[15]. Rees, C. J., & Hossain, F. (2010). Public Sector Reforms in Developing and Transitional Countries: Decentralisation and Local Governance Perspectives on decentralization and local governance in developing and transitional countries (Vol. 33, pp. 581-587).
[16]. Rondinelli, D. A., Nellis, J. R., & Cheema, G. S. (1984). Decentralization in developing countries. A Review of Recent Experience (Vol. 581). USA: Word Bank.
[17]. Smith, B. C. (1985). Decentralization: the territorial dimension of the state: Taylor & Francis.
[18]. Smoke, P. (2003). Decentralisation in Africa: goals, dimensions, myths and challenges. Public administration and development, 23(1), 7-16.
Law/Regulation
1. Law Number 5 Year 1975 on Village Government.
2. Law Number 5 Year 1974 on the Main Principles of Regional Government.
3. Law Number 22 Year 1999 regarding Regional Government.
4. Law Number 32 Year 2004 regarding Regional Government.
5. Law Number 6 Year 2014 on the Village.
6. Law Number 23 Year 2014 regarding Regional Government.
7. Regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs Number 37 Year 2007 concerning Guidelines for the Management of Village Funds.
8. Regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs Number 137 Year 2017 About Code And Data of Regional Government Administration,

Abstract:
The main objective of this study is to analyze the current roles of the Posyandu (one-stop healthcare service) in providing healthcare services to the community and to analyze the potentials for improving its role within the framework of decentralization and village autonomy. Posyandu is a community-based organization (CBOs) at lowest level of governance hierarchy in Indonesian government system. Theoretically Posyandu in the era of decentralization is a local potential that plays an important role as a form of community empowerment which is obviously one of the objectives of decentralization (Smith, 1985; Cheema and Rondinelli, 1983; Mahwood, 1983). However, over a decade of decentralization implementation in North Sumatra, the performance of Posyandu has not been maximized according to the decentralization blueprint. This research takes place in two districts in North Sumatra province and uses qualitative methods as well as in-depth interviews and documentation as the primary data collection technique. The finding of this research is the village autonomy is very important in revitalizing Posyandu, but for two districts in North Sumatra this has not worked as expected.