International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
ISSUE OF MINORITY WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN WEST BENGAL - A SPATIOTEMPORAL APPROACH

Authors:
Hasibur Rahaman

|| ||

Hasibur Rahaman
Research Scholar, Department of Geography, A.M.U, Aligarh, U.P, India

MLA 8
Rahaman, Hasibur. "ISSUE OF MINORITY WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN WEST BENGAL - A SPATIOTEMPORAL APPROACH." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 8, Aug. 2018, pp. 4253-4266, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=301. Accessed Aug. 2018.
APA
Rahaman, H. (2018, August). ISSUE OF MINORITY WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN WEST BENGAL - A SPATIOTEMPORAL APPROACH. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(8), 4253-4266. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=301
Chicago
Rahaman, Hasibur. "ISSUE OF MINORITY WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN WEST BENGAL - A SPATIOTEMPORAL APPROACH." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 8 (August 2018), 4253-4266. Accessed August, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=301.

References
[1]. Adams, Robert. Empowerment, participation and social work. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, p.6.
[2]. Azim, S. Muslim Women: Emerging Identity. Jaipur: Rawat Publications, 1997.
[3]. Batliwala, Srilatha. (1994): The Meaning of Women's Empowerment: New Concepts from.
[4]. Beteille, Andre (1999) Empowerment, Economic and Political Weekly, March, 6-13
[5]. Deshpande S. and Sethi S. (2010). Role and Position of Women Empowerment in Indian Society, International Referred Research Journal, Vol. 1(17), pp. 24-27.
[6]. Durrani, F. K. K. A Plan of Muslim Educational Reform. Lahore: Nawar Printing Press, 1989.
[7]. Faridi, F.R. Problems and Issues. In Iqbal A. Ansari (ed.), Muslims Situation in India (pp. 62-73), New Delhi: Institute of Objective Studies, 1989.
[8]. Fazal, T. (2013). Millennium Development Goals and Muslims of India. Oxfam India working papers series, 13, retrieved on March 13th, 2014 from http:// www. o x f a m i n d i a . o rg / s i t e s / d e f a u l t / f i l e s / 1 3 % 2 0 M i l l e n n i u m % 2 0 Development%20Goals%20and%20Muslims%20of%20India.pdf.
[9]. Government of India (2011), "Family Welfare Statistics in India", Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, p. X, available http://mohfw.nic.in/WriteReadData/l892s/972971120FW%20Statistics%202011%20Revise d%2031%20 10%2011.pdf (accessed December 2015).
[9]. Hasan, Zoya. Menon, Ritu (2004), Unequal Citizens: A Study of Muslim Women in India, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
[10]. Government of India (1983) Report on Minorities, New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs,
[11]. Government of India (Chairperson Dr.Gopal Singh). (2006), Social, Economic and Educational Status of the Muslim Community of India- A Report. New Delhi: Prime Minister's High Level Committee, Cabinet Secretariat,
[12]. Government of India (Chairperson Justice Rajinder Sachar) (2007), Report of the National Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities, Vol.I & II, New Delhi, Ministry of Minority Affairs.
[13]. Hashemi, S., S. Schuler, and A. Riley. 1996. Rural Credit Programs and Women's Empowerment in Bangladesh." World Development, 24(4): 635 {653.
[14]. Jejeebhoy, Shireen J. (2000): Women's Autonomy in Rural India: Its Dimensions,Determinants, and the Influence of Context.' In Women's Empowerment and Demographic Processes: Moving Beyond Cairo. Harriet Presser and Gita Sen, eds. New York: Oxford University Pres.
[15]. Kishore, Sunita, Subaiya, Lekha. (2008): Understanding Women's Empowerment: A Comparative Analysis of Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) Data' DHS Comparative Report No. 20, Calverton, Maryland, USA: Macro International INC.
[16]. Lundberg, S., & Pollak, R. A. (1996). Bargaining and distribution in marriage. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 10(4), 139-158.
[17]. Misra, J. (2007). Report of the National Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities. Delhi: Government of India. Retrieved on Jun 20, 2013 from http:// www.minorityaffairs.gov.in/ncrlm
[18]. Narayana, D. (2002): Empowerment and Poverty Reduction?, Washington, DC, World Bank.
[19]. Nayar, U. (2007). An Analytical Study of Education of Muslim Women and Girls in India. New Delhi: Ministery of Women and Child Development.
[20]. Ramkrishnaya, K. M. (1986). Final Report of the Backward Classes Committee, Mysore. Mysore: Government Education Department.
[21]. Rappaport's, J. (1984). Studies in empowerment: Introduction to the issue. "Prevention in Human Services," 3, 1-7.
[22]. Schuler, S., and S. Hashemi. 1994. Credit Programs, Women's Empowerment, and Contraceptive use in Rural Bangladesh." Studies in Family Planning, 25(2): 65{76.
[23]. Sachar Committee Report, Prime Minister's High Level Committee, (Government of India) (2006). Social, Economic and Educational Status of the Muslim Community in India. New Delhi: Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India.
[24]. Sonowal, M. K. (2013). Impact of Education in Women Empowerment: A Case Study of SC and ST women of Sonitpur District, Assam. IJCAES Special Issue on Basic, Applied and Social Sciences, 3, 240-252.
[25]. Wieringa S, 1994, Women's Interests and empowerment: gender planning reconsidered Development and Change 25 (4), The Netherlands

Abstract:
Empowered women in any society reflect its gender just sociocultural, political and economic policy. Literature shows women have been suppressed in socio-economic representation since the inception of human civilization on earth in general and minority women in particular as feminist approach believed upon. For present study, Muslim women considered as minority according to religious minority definition of 1993. Muslim women's disempowerment in cultural essentialist discourse is neither scientific nor empirical rather, mere reductionism. Embedded poverty, high illiteracy, increasing everyday insecurity and deprivation of welfare schemes are the possible ramification of Muslim women's disempowerment. Can education eliminate these extents of disempowerment? Based on selected indicators this paper made an attempt to find out the spatial pattern and causes of perpetual disempowerment of Muslim women in the districts of West Bengal. Essential of this paper lies on social justice measure which hone proper utilization of human capital, inclusive development, sustains growth and title of good governance. West Bengal has third largest Muslim population in India but result shows that Muslim women of West Bengal are the victim of negligence from mainstreaming. To analyze the development index of Muslim women secondary data has been employed and, statistical tools and GIS approach have been used to shows the result. Immediate attention call on Muslim dominated districts which faced greater lacuna in education and employment index than the districts having less Muslim women population.