International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Hiraxmi Deb Barma

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Hiraxmi Deb Barma
Research Scholar, Department of Geography, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India

Barma, Hiraxmi Deb. "MAJOR CAUSES OF SOIL DEGRADATION IN HAORA DRAINAGE BASIN, TRIPURA, INDIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 8, Aug. 2018, pp. 4389-4405, Accessed Aug. 2018.
Barma, H. (2018, August). MAJOR CAUSES OF SOIL DEGRADATION IN HAORA DRAINAGE BASIN, TRIPURA, INDIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(8), 4389-4405. Retrieved from
Barma, Hiraxmi Deb. "MAJOR CAUSES OF SOIL DEGRADATION IN HAORA DRAINAGE BASIN, TRIPURA, INDIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 8 (August 2018), 4389-4405. Accessed August, 2018.

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Soil is defined as "the portion of the earth's crust in which land plants can grow, if water and temperature are adequate, at least the minimum nutrients are available, and toxic substances are in low concentration" (Miller and Donahue, 1992). Soil resource is under increasing threat due to increasing complexities of human activities rendering this resource to be exhausted in qualitatively and quantitatively through soil degradation. Both human and natural factors are responsible for the causes of soil degradation. This paper aims to assess the major causes of soil degradation in Haora drainage basin of Tripura. In Haora drainage basin several major causative factors are identified from field study in 2016. Keeping 2016 as base year, previous two decades viz. 1996 and 2006 has been studied as well to have the vivid idea of the causative factors of soil degradation. Heavy rainfall, decreasing vegetation cover, population growth, change in agricultural land area, Jhum or shifting cultivation, introduction of plantation crops and brick kilns are the major causes of soil degradation in the study area.