Title: DESIRE FOR ADDITIONAL CHILDREN - STUDY AMONG
CURRENTLY MARRIED WOMEN IN RURAL TAMIL NADU
Authors: Dr. Kh. Bimolata devi
Dr. Kh. Bimolata devi
Department of Population Studies, Annamalai University,
Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu.
MLA 8 Devi, Dr. Kh. Bimolata. "DESIRE FOR ADDITIONAL CHILDREN - STUDY AMONG CURRENTLY MARRIED WOMEN IN RURAL TAMIL NADU." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 9, Sept. 2018, pp. 4838-4849, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=335. Accessed Sept. 2018.
APA Devi, D. (2018, September). DESIRE FOR ADDITIONAL CHILDREN - STUDY AMONG CURRENTLY MARRIED WOMEN IN RURAL TAMIL NADU. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(9), 4838-4849. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=335
Chicago Devi, Dr. Kh. Bimolata. "DESIRE FOR ADDITIONAL CHILDREN - STUDY AMONG CURRENTLY MARRIED WOMEN IN RURAL TAMIL NADU." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 9 (September 2018), 4838-4849. Accessed September, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=335.
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Abstract: Fertility desires and intentions are central in theoretical and empirical approaches to studying
childbearing behavior. Coal's (1973) seminal formulation of demographic transition theory
argues that fertility will decline when childbearing enters the "calculus of conscious choice"-
that is, when having children becomes a subject about which it is possible to have preferences.
India is a multi-religious multi lingual and multi ethnic country with vast socio cultural
differentials which have strong bearing on the fertility preference. The main objectives of present
study were to study level of desire for children, to study the differentials in additional desire of
children among the respondents and to examine the effect of socio-cultural factors on desire for
additional children of currently married women in rural Tamil nadu. This study was based on a
field survey conducted partularly in the Schedule Caste community of Bhuvanagiri Block under
the Chidambaram Taluk Cuddalore District in Tamil particularly Nadu. A simple random
sampling techniques was adopted to select the sample population The total sample size was 253
women those who were in the age 18 -30 at least having one live birth has been selected
Statistical methods such as percentage, cross tabulation, Chi-square and logistic regression
techniques have been used The result shows that nearly two third of the respondents (62.8%)
have expressed that they does not want any more children in future. More than ninety percent of
the respondents who were married in the younger age 19 years do not want to have children in
future .Little less than half of the total respondents (47.1 %) wants to have children in future
than their counterparts in nuclear families (32.1 percent) and the chi-square test turnout to be
moderately significant in this regard (p<0.05) Related to educational status, as the husband's
education increases the percentage of respondents desire to have children also increases, (high
school and below 25 percent), higher secondary (43.4 percent), degree and above (70.4 percent).
The chi-square test results turn out to the highly significant in these regards (p<0.001). Around
half of the respondent(49.9 percent) who were house wives have repressed desire to have
children and the chi- square test shown moderately associated (P<_ .002). Eighty two percent of
the respondents those already have only female surviving children were desire any children than their counterparts who have already male children (72.7 percent) the chi-square result
shows there was highly significant association in this regard (p<_.001level of significance).
Overall among the background variables like age at marriage, family type, husband' education,
occupation of the respondent, family income, total surviving children etc have significantly
associated with the desire for additional children in future. The results of logistic regression
model shows there was a significant effects on desire for additional children in future among the
respondents in the study area. Base on the findings some suggestions have been framed.
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