International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF TOURISM IN KARNATAKA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

Authors:
Dr. SURESHA. K P

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Dr. SURESHA. K P
Asst. Professor, Department of Studies and Research in Economics, Akkamahadevi Women's University, Torvi, Vijayapura 586105, Karnataka

MLA 8
K P, Dr. SURESHA. "ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF TOURISM IN KARNATAKA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 9, Sept. 2018, pp. 4889-4896, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=338. Accessed Sept. 2018.
APA
K P, D. (2018, September). ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF TOURISM IN KARNATAKA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(9), 4889-4896. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=338
Chicago
K P, Dr. SURESHA. "ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF TOURISM IN KARNATAKA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 9 (September 2018), 4889-4896. Accessed September, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=338.

References
[1]. Anon Annual Plan (Draft) Tamil Nadu 2005-2006, State planning commission (2004-05)
[2]. Honey, Martha and Gilpin, Raymond, Special Report, 2009 "Tourism in the Developing World Promoting Peace and Reducing Poverty"
[3]. G Paramasivan, Economics of Tourism in India, Southern Economist April, December 1, 2008.
[4]. International Journal of Business and Administration Research Review, Vol. 1, Issue 5, April - June, 2015 Page 253

Abstract:
The tourism industry of India is economically important and grows rapidly. The World Travel Tourism Council calculated that tourism generated INR 6.4 trillion or 7.2 percent of the nation's GDP in 2016. It supported 39.5 million jobs, 7.8 percent of its total employment. The sector is predicted to grow at an average annual rate of 7.9 percent from 2013 to 2023. This gives India the third rank among countries with the fastest growing tourism industries over the next decade. India has a large medical tourism sector which is expected to grow at an estimated rate of 30 percent annually to reach about 95 billion by 2015. The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness report 2015 ranks India 65th out of 144 countries overall. The report ranks the price competitiveness of India's tourism sector 20th out of 144 countries. Environmental Impacts Ecotourism in Karnataka has generated several types of negative environmental impacts if the tourism development is not well planned, developed and managed.
Development of mountainous tourist spots has evolved construction and development of Roads and Highways through forest areas. This in turn has increase the vehicular traffic along with the pedestrian in this region. This activity is likely to create environmental disturbances, which will directly have an adverse impact on the surrounding vegetation and mountain ecology. Though road in the hills are not important, they needed to be constructed in coherence with the terrain, nature of geological functions ecotourism industry in Karnataka is growing and it has vast potential for generating employment and earning large amount of foreign exchange besides giving a fillip to the country's overall economic and social development. With regard to tourism development, the state has assumed the high status in order to attract the maximum tourists and large number of tourism development activities is rapidly taking place because of the strategic location of its tourist destinations.