Title: ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE
IN NIGERIA (1980-2016)
Authors: Egbulonu K. Godslove; Rev. Okenyeka, O. Nwabugwu
Egbulonu K. Godslove (Ph. D); Rev. Okenyeka, O. Nwabugwu (Ph.D)
Department of Economics, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
MLA 8 Godslove, Egbulonu K., et al. "ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 9, Sept. 2018, pp. 4915-4930, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=341. Accessed Sept. 2018.
APA Godslove, E. K., Rev. Okenyeka, & Nwabugwu, O. (2018, September). ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016). Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(9), 4915-4930. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=341
Chicago Godslove, Egbulonu K., Rev. Okenyeka, and O. Nwabugwu. "ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 9 (September 2018), 4915-4930. Accessed September, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=341.
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Abstract: For some decades now, attention of researchers has been shifted to the relationship between
environmental degradation and poverty incidence. This research work investigated
environmental degradation as a determinant of poverty incidence in Nigeria. The work
established a relationship between poverty level and environmental degradation variables namely
gas flaring, deforestation, water pollution and land degradation. Data for the study were sourced
from multinational companies, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), National
Environmental Protection Agencies, and Federal Ministry of Agriculture in Nigeria, from 1980-
2016. The data were tested for stationarity and this showed a mixed order of integration i.e. I(0)
and I(1). Consequently, we applied the Bounds testing methodology and the results of which
showed that environmental degradation variables are significant determinants of poverty
incidence in Nigeria. The result further reveals that all the explanatory variables namely: Gas
Flaring, Water Pollution, Deforestation, and Land Degradation cause Poverty in Nigeria (they
affect mainly the poor) while in the long run Gas Flaring, Water Pollution and Deforestation are
variables that determine Poverty incidence in Nigeria. The study recommends that greater
environmental protection awareness is needed for poverty to be reduced.
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