International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016)

Authors:
Egbulonu K. Godslove; Rev. Okenyeka, O. Nwabugwu

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Egbulonu K. Godslove (Ph. D); Rev. Okenyeka, O. Nwabugwu (Ph.D)
Department of Economics, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria

MLA 8
Godslove, Egbulonu K., et al. "ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 9, Sept. 2018, pp. 4915-4930, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=341. Accessed Sept. 2018.
APA
Godslove, E. K., Rev. Okenyeka, & Nwabugwu, O. (2018, September). ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016). Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(9), 4915-4930. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=341
Chicago
Godslove, Egbulonu K., Rev. Okenyeka, and O. Nwabugwu. "ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 9 (September 2018), 4915-4930. Accessed September, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=341.

References
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[12]. World Development Report (2017): Understanding Poverty. www.worldbank.org.

Abstract:
For some decades now, attention of researchers has been shifted to the relationship between environmental degradation and poverty incidence. This research work investigated environmental degradation as a determinant of poverty incidence in Nigeria. The work established a relationship between poverty level and environmental degradation variables namely gas flaring, deforestation, water pollution and land degradation. Data for the study were sourced from multinational companies, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), National Environmental Protection Agencies, and Federal Ministry of Agriculture in Nigeria, from 1980- 2016. The data were tested for stationarity and this showed a mixed order of integration i.e. I(0) and I(1). Consequently, we applied the Bounds testing methodology and the results of which showed that environmental degradation variables are significant determinants of poverty incidence in Nigeria. The result further reveals that all the explanatory variables namely: Gas Flaring, Water Pollution, Deforestation, and Land Degradation cause Poverty in Nigeria (they affect mainly the poor) while in the long run Gas Flaring, Water Pollution and Deforestation are variables that determine Poverty incidence in Nigeria. The study recommends that greater environmental protection awareness is needed for poverty to be reduced.