Title: ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE
IN NIGERIA (1980-2016)
Authors: Egbulonu K. Godslove; Rev. Okenyeka, O. Nwabugwu
Egbulonu K. Godslove (Ph. D); Rev. Okenyeka, O. Nwabugwu (Ph.D)
Department of Economics, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
MLA 8 Godslove, Egbulonu K., et al. "ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 9, Sept. 2018, pp. 4915-4930, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=341. Accessed Sept. 2018.
APA Godslove, E. K., Rev. Okenyeka, & Nwabugwu, O. (2018, September). ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016). Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(9), 4915-4930. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=341
Chicago Godslove, Egbulonu K., Rev. Okenyeka, and O. Nwabugwu. "ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POVERTY INCIDENCE IN NIGERIA (1980-2016)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 9 (September 2018), 4915-4930. Accessed September, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=341.
References . Ahmad and Sunny (2016) "The Nature of Man's Environment www.google.com
. Egunjobi L.M (2013) "The Concept of Urban and Regional Planning" 1stEdition. University
. National Population Commission (2014): Report on Population Growth and Nigeria
. Ibe, J.I. (2016) "The Nigerian Physical Environment www.google.com
. Iwuoha F.U (2014): Factors Threatening Nigerian Environment. Jade Press, Owerri.
. McConnell B.R (2016): The Role of income Elasticity in Determining Human Environment.
. National Environmental Standards and Regulation Enforcement Agency (NESREA) Annual
. Okafor C.C. (2017) "The Management of Human Environment, Ivory Press, Asaba
. Stern and Barbier, C. (2017) Environmental Kuznets Curve https://www.sciencedirect.com
. Sada (2015) "Issues in Environmental Management, 2nd Edition. Eagle Press, Kano
. The National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA)
Establishment Act 2007, Federal republic of Nigeria Official Gazette No. 92 Vol. 94 2007
. UNDP (2017): United Nations Environment Annual Report (2017): Towards a Pollution Free
. World Development Report (2017): Understanding Poverty. www.worldbank.org.
Abstract: For some decades now, attention of researchers has been shifted to the relationship between
environmental degradation and poverty incidence. This research work investigated
environmental degradation as a determinant of poverty incidence in Nigeria. The work
established a relationship between poverty level and environmental degradation variables namely
gas flaring, deforestation, water pollution and land degradation. Data for the study were sourced
from multinational companies, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), National
Environmental Protection Agencies, and Federal Ministry of Agriculture in Nigeria, from 1980-
2016. The data were tested for stationarity and this showed a mixed order of integration i.e. I(0)
and I(1). Consequently, we applied the Bounds testing methodology and the results of which
showed that environmental degradation variables are significant determinants of poverty
incidence in Nigeria. The result further reveals that all the explanatory variables namely: Gas
Flaring, Water Pollution, Deforestation, and Land Degradation cause Poverty in Nigeria (they
affect mainly the poor) while in the long run Gas Flaring, Water Pollution and Deforestation are
variables that determine Poverty incidence in Nigeria. The study recommends that greater
environmental protection awareness is needed for poverty to be reduced.
The International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research Inviting Papers/Articles for Current Issue Volume 4 No. 8 August 2019.
Submit your Paper through Online Submission System. Authors also can Send Paper to email@example.com ....... IF of IJSSER is 2.173 Editor in Chief IJSSER