International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
SPORTS AND MASCULINITIES- A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HIGH SCHOOL BOYS OF KOLKATA

Authors:
Madhurima Dasgupta, Atish Chakraborty

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1Madhurima Dasgupta, 2Atish Chakraborty
1. Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Adamas University & PhD Research Scholar, Department of Sociology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata - 700010, India.
2. Senior Faculty of Legal Aptitude, Prime Tutorial & Penultimate Year Law Student, Amity Law School, Amity University, Kolkata-700135, India.

MLA 8
Dasgupta, Madhurima, and Atish Chakraborty. "SPORTS AND MASCULINITIES- A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HIGH SCHOOL BOYS OF KOLKATA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 9, Sept. 2018, pp. 5112-5122, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=355. Accessed Sept. 2018.
APA
Dasgupta, M., & Chakraborty, A. (2018, September). SPORTS AND MASCULINITIES- A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HIGH SCHOOL BOYS OF KOLKATA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(9), 5112-5122. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=355
Chicago
Dasgupta, Madhurima, and Atish Chakraborty. "SPORTS AND MASCULINITIES- A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HIGH SCHOOL BOYS OF KOLKATA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 9 (September 2018), 5112-5122. Accessed September, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=355.

References
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[2]. Hickey, C. (2008). Physical Education, Sport and Hyper-Masculinity in Schools. Sport, Education and Society, 13, 2, 147-161. Retrieved 02-06-2018
[3]. Pascoe, C.J. Dude, You're a Fag: Masculinity and Sexuality in High School, University of California Press, 2007, Retrieved 22-09-2018
[4]. R. Burke Johnson, Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie and Lisa A. Turner, Toward a Definition of Mixed Methods Research, Journal of Mixed Methods Research, Published by:
http://www.sagepublications.com 2007, pg 119
https://www.wellsreserve.org/writable/files/ctp/Qualitative.../mixed_methods.pdf Retrieved 04-06-2018
[5]. Social research: Meaning and definition https://jrsapkota.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/reserch.pdf Retrieved 04-06-2018
[6]. Wellard, Ian. Sport, Masculinities and the Body, Published by Routledge, 2009, pgs 10, 16-18, 35, 38-39, Retrieved 02-06-2017

Abstract:
Masculinity is socially constructed and dynamic. It is not a fixed gender identity but rather a collective gender identity of men. Sports still continues to be equated with violence since it's the only leisure activity during adolescence which reinforces notions of masculinity that value physical prowess and dominance. In this context, the present paper explores how boys construct their notions of masculinity by engaging in leisure activities, especially different forms of sports followed by the participation of both heterosexual and homosexual boys in sports and whether such sports allows for the expression of aggression or violence by using mixed methodology in order to study twenty boys (aged 16-18 years) who studies in XI and XII standards of their school in North and Central Kolkata. The findings reveal that the High school going boys practice and construct their notions of masculinity by participating in sports like Football and Cricket since it allows them to conform to the norms of hegemonic masculinity by portraying physical strength, toughness and aggression followed by rejection of homophobic tendencies.