International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
THE ROLE OF ZAMINDARS IN TAMILNADU - THE HISTORICAL STUDY

Authors:
Dr. C. JEYAVEERAGANDHI

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Dr. C. JEYAVEERAGANDHI
Guest Lecturer of History, Rajr Doraisingam Govt., Arts College, Sivaganga - 630561.

MLA 8
JEYAVEERAGANDHI, Dr. C. "THE ROLE OF ZAMINDARS IN TAMILNADU - THE HISTORICAL STUDY." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 10, Oct. 2018, pp. 5335-5338, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=368. Accessed Oct. 2018.
APA
JEYAVEERAGANDHI, D. (2018, October). THE ROLE OF ZAMINDARS IN TAMILNADU - THE HISTORICAL STUDY. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(10), 5335-5338. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=368
Chicago
JEYAVEERAGANDHI, Dr. C. "THE ROLE OF ZAMINDARS IN TAMILNADU - THE HISTORICAL STUDY." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 10 (October 2018), 5335-5338. Accessed October, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=368.

References
[1]. Quareshi, I.M., The Administration of the Mughal Empire, New Delhi, p 243.
[2]. Chakravarthy, B.R., A Hand book of Land Tenures in the Madras Presidency, Madras p. 75
[3]. Francis, W. Madras District Gazette, Madurai, Madras, 1906, p.188.
[4]. Sinnakani, R.,Gazetteers of India, TamilNadu State, Thoothukudi District - Vol-II, Madras, 2007, p.1001.
[5]. Gopalakrishnan, M., Gazetteers of India, TamilNadu State, Kancheepuram and Tiruvallur District, Vol - I, Madras, 2000, p.219.
[6]. Kantukollutal:- receiving the blessings.
[7]. Sinnakani, R., op.cit., Thoothukudi District - Vol-I, Madras, 2007, p.263.
[8]. The Chakkiliyan, Tummirasa Naickanur, 16, August 1936, Muchaliga to the zamindar of Siruvalai.
[9]. Pillay,K.K., The Caste System in TamilNadu, Chennai, 1979, p.98.
[10]. Pathakanikkai: offerings at the feet.
[11]. Interview with the zamindar of sap tore, 25 March 1982.
[12]. Cavari potal: going on a visit.
[13]. Interview with Nagappa Koundan, Melachokkanathapuram; 10 April 1982.
[14]. Chinnasamy Servai, A, Annachi Medu, 12 July 1917, letter to the zamindar of Siruvalai.
[15]. Thinnaipethan, Virakkal Medu, Statement to the zamindar of Siruvalai, 1930
[16]. Thurston, E., Caste and Tribes of Southern India, VoI. I, New Delhi, 1975, p. 50.
[17]. Kutrala Gounden, A., Vasuthevanallur, Appeal to the zamindar of Siruvalai, 31 May 1921.
[18]. Hemingway,F.R., Madras District Gazetteers Tanjore, Madras, 1906, p.64.
[19]. Suruliandi Gounder, A., Melachokkanathapuram Karajama to the zamindar of Siruvalai, 26 September 1911.
[20]. Richards, F.J., Madras District Gazetteers Salem, Madras, 1918, p.68.

Abstract:
The term zamindar means 'land holder' in Persian. This term was applied to some tributaries. It was in use under the Delhi Sultans and had gained popularity by the Lodies. It came into more frequent use under the Mughals.1 The zamindar was only a collector of land revenue. In 1793 Lord Cornwallis introduced the permanent settlement in Bengal by modifying the existing land revenue system. When the British found the working of this system in Bengal successful, they wanted to introduce it in the Madras Presidency also in 1802 and 1805 the British effectively introduced the system as far as possible.2 In the Madurai District the existing poligars numbering 26 were transformed into zamindars. These estates were called unsettled palayams because their annual tax payable to the government was not permanently settled. The remaining land was divided into estates and sold out in public auction.3 Thus there were two kinds of zamindars. The poligar turned zamindars formed the first group. They lost their original judicial and police power which they enjoyed as poligars.