International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper


Dr. Sarala Dasari, Sonawane Satish Waman

|| ||

1*Dr. Sarala Dasari, 2Sonawane Satish Waman
1. Assistant Professor, Centre for Studies in Economics and Planning, School of Social Science, Central University of Gujarat, Sector-29 Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
2. PhD Fellow, Centre for Studies in Economics and Planning, School of Social Science, Central University of Gujarat Sector-29, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

Dasari, Dr. Sarala, and Sonawane Satish Waman. "THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON PRIMARY EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF GUJARAT STATE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 10, Oct. 2018, pp. 5716-5735, Accessed Oct. 2018.
Dasari, D., & Waman, S. (2018, October). THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON PRIMARY EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF GUJARAT STATE. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(10), 5716-5735. Retrieved from
Dasari, Dr. Sarala, and Sonawane Satish Waman. "THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON PRIMARY EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF GUJARAT STATE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 10 (October 2018), 5716-5735. Accessed October, 2018.

[1]. Appleton, S., Hoddinott, J. and Mackinnon, J. (2000) Education and health in sub-Saharan Africa, Journal of International Development, 8, 307-339.
[2]. Baldacci, E., Clements, B., Gupta, S., and Cui, Q. (2004), Social spending, human capital, and growth in developing countries, International Monitory Fund Working Paper, WP/04/21.
[3]. British Columbia, Ministry of Education, (2001) BC performance standards. Social responsibility: a Framework, Previously published by Student Assessment and Program Evaluation Branch, 2000. ISBN 0-7726-4634-1
[4]. Barro, R. (1996), Health, human capital, and economic growth, Washington, DC: Pan American Health Organization.
[5]. Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Part I of the Constitution Act, 1982,being Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c. 11.
[6]. Canadian Secular Alliance (2014).Canadian Secular Alliance policy on Public Financing of Religious Schools,214-2 College St., Toronto, Ontario, M5G
[7]. Clemens, Jason, Milagros Palacios, Jane Loyer, and Frazier Fathers (2014).Measuring Choice and Competition in Canadian Education,The Fraser Institute.
[8]. Deani Neven Van Pelt and Joel Emes, (2015), Education Spending in Canada: What's Actually Happening?, Barbara Mitchell Centre for Improvement in Education, FRASER INSTITUTE.
[9]. Flug, K., Spilimbergo, A. and Wachtenheim, E. (1998), Investment in education: do economic volatility and credit constraints matter?, Journal of Development Economics, 55(2), 465- 481.
[10]. Greg EkpungEdame and AgboroDiepreyeEturoma (2012) The determinants of public expenditure on educational infrastructural facilities and economic growth in Nigeria; E3 Journal of Business Management and Economics Vol. 5(6). pp. 152-161, ISSN 2141-7482
[11]. Global Education Monitoring Report (216), Education for People and Planets: Creating Sustainable Future for All, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, 7, Place de Fonteenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France, ISBN: 978-92-3- 100167-3.
[12]. Gupta, S. and Verhoeven M. (1997), The efficiency of government expenditure: Experiences from Africa, International Monitary Fund Working Paper, WP/97/153.
[13]. Kaur, Misra and Suresh (2013), Cyclicality of Social Sector Expenditures: Evidance from Indian States, Reserve Bank of India Occasional Ppaers, Vol. 34. No. 1&2:2013.
[14]. Lucas, R. E. (1988), On the mechanics of economic development, Journal of Monetary Economics, 22(1), 3-42.
[15]. Mingat, A., and Tan, J. (1992), Education in Asia: A comparative study of cost and financing, Washington, DC: World Bank.
[16]. Millennium Development Goal report (MDG) (2015), United Nations, New York, 2015. National Indian Education Association (2016), The building Relationship with Tribes: The native Process for ESSA Consultation, 1514 P St NW, Suite B, Washington, DC 20005
[17]. NCES, (2015), Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and other G-20 countries: 2015,
[18]. Psacharopoulos, G. and Patrinos, H. (2004), Returns to investment in education: A further update, Education Economics, 12(2), 111-134.
[19]. Robert, L. B. (1970), Indian Education and Reservation Economic Development, Southwestern Cooperative Educational Laboratory Albuquerque, N. Mex.
[20]. Ravallion, M. and Chen, S. (1997), What can new survey data tell us about recent changes in distribution and poverty?, World Bank Economic Review, 11(2), 357-382.
[21]. Rajkumar, A.S. and Swaroop, V. (2008), Public spending and outcomes: Does governance matter?, Journal of Development Economics, 86(1), 96-111.
[22]. Romer, P. (1986), Increasing returns and long-run growth,Journal of Political Economy, 94(5), 1002-1037.
[23]. Sen, A. (1999),Development as Freedom, New York Times, New York, ISBN: 0-385-72027-0.
[24]. Sipahimalani, V. (2000), India: Financing of elementary education in India in the 1990s,South Asia Education Sector Technical Working Paper No.2. New Delhi, World Bank
[25]. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan: Programme for Universal Elementary Education in India, Department of Elementary Education and Literacy, MHRD, Government of India, New Delhi, 2000.
[26]. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, (2009), Framework for Implementation, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of School Education and literacy, government of India.
[27]. UNESCO, UNICEF, World Bank, UNFPA, UNDP, UN Women and UNHCR-World Education Forum: 2015, Education 2030-Incheon Declaration and Framework for Action: Towards Inclusive and Equitable Quality Education and Lifelong Learning for All, 19-22 May 2015 in Incheon, Republic of Korea, ED-2016/WS/2.
[28]. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Retrieved October 2, 2008, from
[29]. World Bank (2008), Millennium Development Goals, Retrieved October 3, 2008,
[30]. Varghese, N. V., & Tilak, J. B. (1991). The financing of education in India. International Institute for Educational Planning.
[30]. Yardimcioglu, F., Gurdal, T., & Altundemir, M. E. (2014). Education and Economic Growth: A Panel Cointegration Approach in OECD Countries (1980-2008). Egitim ve Bilim, 39(173).
[31]. Cooray, A. (2009). The role of education in economic growth.
[32]. Bashir, S., Herath, J., & Gebremedhin, T. (2012, August). An empirical analysis of higher education and economic growth in West Virginia. In Paper presentation at the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association Annual meeting of August 12th-14th.
[33]. Aghion, P., Boustan, L., Hoxby, C., & Vandenbussche, J. (2009). The causal impact of education on economic growth: evidence from US. Unpublished paper.
[34]. Muktadir-Al-Mukit, D. (2012). Public Expenditure on Education and Economic Growth: The Case of Bangladesh.
[35]. Sen, A. (2005). Deficiencies of primary education in India. Waxmann-Verl. Sreenivaslu, E. (2013). Role and Importance of Educational for Effective Growth of Indian Economy: An Overview. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSRJHSS), 7(5), 32-35.
[36]. Chakraborty, K. S. (2012). Education and Economic Growth in India. Mahajan, G. (2008). Higher Education Reservations and India's Economic Growth: An Examination.
[37]. Ramamoorthy, B. (1968). Educational Planning and Economic Development. Economic Affairs (Calcutta), 13(1), 72.
[38]. Kugler, A. D., & Kumar, S. (2017). Preference for Boys, Family Size, and Educational Attainment in India. Demography, 54(3), 835-859.
[39]. Lal, A. K., & Clement, R. W. (2006). Economic development in India: the role of individual enterprise (and entrepreneurial spirit). Asia-Pacific Development Journal Volume 12, No. 2, December 2005, 12(2), 81.
[40]. Chaudhary, L. (2007). An economic history of education in colonial India. Hoover Institution.
[41]. Mallick, L., & Dash, D. P. (2015). Does Expenditure on Education Affect Economic Growth in India? Evidence from Cointegration and Granger Causality Analysis. Theoretical & Applied Economics, 22(4).
[42]. Sharma, A. and Kumari, A. (2017). The Role of Higher Education in Economic Development. International Journal of Commerce and Manegement Research, ISBN: 978-93-85895-57- 9.
[43]. Ojha, V. P., & Pradhan, B. K. (2010). Human Capital Formation and Economic Growth in India: A CGE Analysis. Policy, 1(28), 131-134.
[44]. Agenor, P., J. Mares and P. Sorsa (2015). "Gender Equality and Economic Growth in India: A Quantitative Framework", OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 1263, OECD Publishing, Paris.
[45]. Aiyar, S. S. (2016). Twenty-Five Years of Indian Economic Reform: A Story of Private-Sector Success, Government Failure, and Institutional Weakness.
[46]. Tilak, J. B. (1994). Cost Recovery Approaches in Education. Tilak.
[47]. Tilak, J. B. (2007). Post-elementary education, poverty and development in India. International Journal of Educational Development, 27(4), 435-445.
[48]. Josephine, Y. (1999). Impact of structural adjustment programmes on the elementary education in northeast region of India - A preliminary investigation. National Institute of Education Planning and Administration
[49]. Tilak, J. B. (2006). Trends in Public Expenditure on Education-A Contrast between Two Educationally Backward States: Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. Journal of Indian School of Political Economy, 18(1&2), 1-28.
[50]. Tilak, J. B. (2003). Public expenditure on education In India: A review of trends and emerging issues. Financing in India: Current Issues and Changing Perspectives. New Delhi: Ravi Books, 3-54.
[51]. Tilak, J. B. (2001). Higher education and development in Kerala. Centre for Socio-Economic & Environmental Studies.
[52]. Tilak, J. B. (2000). Education poverty in India. National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration.

An increasing literature on public spending on primary education emphasizes that overall education dominated by both central and state Government spending and it's increased overall development process. So, an issue study will analyse education spending by government, despite various and widespread narratives to the contrary, how much increased by a substantial amount in perspective with Gujarat state from the period of 2000 to 2016. Therefore, study is being made on the effectiveness of structure of financial management system for education, especially primary education. This study will find that variations in primary education are positively and significantly correlated with variations of financing education in Gujarat. Based on the results from analysis, the paper points out to strengthening finances and governance of the central governments as key factors in supplying public finances and social infrastructure, to promoting finance on education and, in turn, entire development process.