International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
DIMENSIONS IN CHILD REARING AMONG THE DUAL EARNERS IN POWER LOOM SECTOR: AN ANALYSIS FROM SALEM DISTRICT OF TAMIL NADU

Authors:
Mrs. M. Vanitha, Prof. C. Venkatachalam

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1Mrs. M. Vanitha, 2Prof. C. Venkatachalam
1. ICSSR Fellow, PhD Research Scholar, Department of Sociology Periyar University, Salem-636 011, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.
2. Coordinator, School of Social Sciences and Head of the Department, Department of Sociology Periyar University, Salem-636 011, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

MLA 8
Vanitha, Mrs. M., and Prof. C. Venkatachalam. "DIMENSIONS IN CHILD REARING AMONG THE DUAL EARNERS IN POWER LOOM SECTOR: AN ANALYSIS FROM SALEM DISTRICT OF TAMIL NADU." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 11, Nov. 2018, pp. 6506-6509, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=456. Accessed Nov. 2018.
APA
Vanitha, M., & Venkatachalam, P. (2018, November). DIMENSIONS IN CHILD REARING AMONG THE DUAL EARNERS IN POWER LOOM SECTOR: AN ANALYSIS FROM SALEM DISTRICT OF TAMIL NADU. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(11), 6506-6509. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=456
Chicago
Vanitha, Mrs. M., and Prof. C. Venkatachalam. "DIMENSIONS IN CHILD REARING AMONG THE DUAL EARNERS IN POWER LOOM SECTOR: AN ANALYSIS FROM SALEM DISTRICT OF TAMIL NADU." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 11 (November 2018), 6506-6509. Accessed November, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=456.

References
[1]. https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences-and-law/sociology-and-socialreform/sociology-general-terms-and-concepts/dual-earner-families.
[2]. Suppal, P., & Roopnarine, J. L. (1999). Paternal involvement in child care as a function of maternal employment in nuclear and extended families in India. Sex Roles,40,731- 744.
[3]. Berry, J. O., & Rao, J. M. (1997). Balancing employment and fatherhood: A systems perspective. Journal of Family Issues,18, 386-402.

Abstract:
Family is a basic unit of the human society which silently transforms the social values, customs, traditions, norms etc., to the children without compromising much. As an institution, its role is very significant to inculcate the positive aspects about the parents, kinship, off-springs and the different roles to be played by every member in it. Realizing the importance of family the United Nations Organizations has come up with an opt definition states that family is the smallest democracy in the heart of the society, which implies that the members have complete freedom to express their feelings, emotions, motivations even crises. Anthropologist, George Peter Murdock makes a statement that the family is a universal phenomenon which is prevailing everywhere across the globe. Many social thinkers have studied the structure, functions and issues of the families in depth and provide the concluding remarks that size of the families are being reduced into small sizes due to industrialization and urbanization processes. In this context, an attempt has been made at in the selected parts of Salem district of Tamil Nadu in south India to know about the dual earning families particularly in the power loom industries. The nature of work in this sector is on the basis of division of labor in which both men and women have to contribute their labor within the possible limits. Most of the times women in earning process and leave their child rearing practices to someone else in the families or without bother them. As pointed out by Talcott Parsons, every family has to do two roles like instrumental role which is generally assumed by the men and the next role stabilizing the personalities go to the women. Here, in the study areas they said both roles have gone to instrumental or in other words, women do the instrumental role and what types of dimensions are existing is the main quest of this paper.
The researchers use a considerable number of variables to analyze dimensions of child rearing practices to bring out the salient features of the families.