International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Amitava Ghosal, Nita Bandyopadhyay

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* 1Amitava Ghosal, 2Nita Bandyopadhyay
1. Senior Research Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education, University of Kalyani
2. Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physical Education, University of Kalyani
*. Corresponding Author

Ghosal, Amitava, and Nita Bandyopadhyay. "EFFECT OF ELASTIC RESISTANCE TRAINING ON PHYSICAL FUNCTIONING AND BONE HEALTH OF INDIAN WOMEN." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 12, Dec. 2018, pp. 6610-6633, Accessed Dec. 2018.
Ghosal, A., & Bandyopadhyay, N. (2018, December). EFFECT OF ELASTIC RESISTANCE TRAINING ON PHYSICAL FUNCTIONING AND BONE HEALTH OF INDIAN WOMEN. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(12), 6610-6633. Retrieved from
Ghosal, Amitava, and Nita Bandyopadhyay. "EFFECT OF ELASTIC RESISTANCE TRAINING ON PHYSICAL FUNCTIONING AND BONE HEALTH OF INDIAN WOMEN." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 12 (December 2018), 6610-6633. Accessed December, 2018.

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The aim of this study to classify the predictor variables and to observe the independent and group effect of physiological and fitness variables on BMD, to find out the effect of resistance exercise on Bone Mineral Density, other physiological and fitness variables. Total 34 subjects of three different age group viz. young adult (30 - 39 yr.), middle aged adult (40 - 49 yr.), and older adult (> 50 yr.) women were complete the training programme. Forced Vital Capacity was measured through Spirometer. OSTA score was used to predict the BMD risk factors. Distal radius site BMD measured through Quantity Ultrasound. Physical functioning test included grip strength, isometric back strength, balance, proprioceptive ability and gait velocity. The 17 weeks elastic resistance-training conducted 8 - 10 exercise, 70 min/session, 3 days/week, 8 repetitions and 3 sets with 20 - 30 sec recoveries. According to adaptation of the load, repetitions and resistance level were changed. For statistical analysis, one way ANCOVA, Paired sample t test, Factor Analysis and linear regression analysis were computed. The value of Physiological Condition (t = 8.229, P<0.01) and Fitness Condition (t = 3.287, P < 0.01) were significant. OSTA Index (t = 2.622, P < 0.05) and velocity gait (t = -2.231, P < 0.05) independently predict the status of BMD significantly. It was concluded that the training programme was effective for all age groups of women specifically for olderly adult women and BMD may be improved by the improvement of selected physiological and fitness factors.