International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper


Dr. Resmi C. Panicker

|| ||

Dr. Resmi C. Panicker
Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Government College for Women, Thiruvananthapuram

Panicker, Dr. Resmi C. "PEOPLE'S WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES: A CASE OF COASTAL WETLAND SYSTEM IN KERALA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 12, Dec. 2018, pp. 6729-6741, Accessed Dec. 2018.
Panicker, D. C. (2018, December). PEOPLE'S WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES: A CASE OF COASTAL WETLAND SYSTEM IN KERALA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(12), 6729-6741. Retrieved from
Panicker, Dr. Resmi C. "PEOPLE'S WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES: A CASE OF COASTAL WETLAND SYSTEM IN KERALA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 12 (December 2018), 6729-6741. Accessed December, 2018.

[1]. Acreman, M.C. "The Role of Artificial Flooding in Integrated Devewlopment in Africa." In Integrated River Basic Development, edited by C. Kirby and W.R. White, Newyork:Wiley, 1994
[2]. Acreman, M.C. and G.E. Hollis. "Water Management and Wetlands in Sub - Saharan Africa." IUCN. Switzerland: Gland, 1996.
[3]. Baral, Sony, BijendraBasnyat, RajendraKhanal and KalyanGauli. "A Total Economic Valuation of Wetland Ecosystem Services: An Evidence from JagadishpurRamsar Site, Nepal." The Scientific World Journal. vol. 2016: Article ID 2605609. 9 pages. (2016):
[4]. Barbier, E. B. "Valuing Environmental Functions: Tropical Wetlands."Land Economics.70-2. (1994):153-73.
[5]. Barbier, E. B. , M. C. Acreman and D Knowler. "Economic Valuation of Wetlands: A Guide for Policy Makers and Planners". Ramsar Convention Bureau. Switzerland: Gland, 1997.
[6]. Barbosa, F. A. R., M. Callisto and N. Galdean. The diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates as an indicator of water quality and ecosystem health: a case study for Brazil. Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Restoration. (2000)
[7]. Brander, Luke, M., Raymond J.G.M. Florax and Jan E. Vermaat. " The Empirics of Wetland Valuation : A Comprehensive Summary and a Meta -Analysis of the Literature". Environment and Resource Economics. (2006): 223-250.
[8]. Champ P.A., K.J. Boyle and T.C. Brown. "A Primer on Nonmarket Valuation".The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003
[9]. Commission of the European Communities UNSPECIFIED . "Wise use and conservation of wetlands". Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. COM (95) 189 final. Brussels. 29 May 1995.
[10]. Harikumar, P. S. "Wetlands of Kerala: Degradation, Restoration and Future Management- A Case Study of Kavvayi Wetland- A Coastal Wetland in the North Kerala", Conference Proceedings on Conservation and Sustainable Management of Ecologically Sensitive Regions in Western Ghat. Karnataka. India( 2016)
[11]. IUCN. " Economic Values of Protected Areas: Guidelines for Protected Area Managers". International Union for Conservation of Nature. Gland. Switzerland.(1998).
[12]. Khaleel, K.M. "Study of the Quantitative Structure of True Mangroves Present in the Mangal Forests of Tellicherry, Pappinissery and Kunhimangalam of Kannur District". The Indian Forester.(2005): 131: 81-89.
[13]. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 'Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Wetlands and Water Synthesis'. Washington DC: World Resources Institute, 2005
[14]. Ministry of Environment and Forest. India:Government of India, 2012
[15]. Nandhini, N.J. "Ecosystem and Economic Valuation", Conference Proceedings. New Delhi, TERI University (2018)
[16]. Pullan, R.A. "A Survey of Past and Present Wetlands of the Western Algrove." UK: University of Liverpool,1988
[17]. R. Costanza, "The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital," Nature, vol. 387, no. 6630.(1997): 253-260
[18]. Tiner, R.W. " Wetlands of the United States: Current Status and Trends". Washington D.C: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services,1984
[19]. Vijayan, A., E.Job. "Recreational value of Vellayanilake in South India: a travel cost approach". Int. J. Sci,Res. 4-11 (2015): 156-158.
[20]. World Conservation Monitoring Centre. "Global Biodiversity: Station of the Earth's Living Resources". London: Chapman & Hall, 1992.
[21]. Zamora, P.M. "Philippine Mangroves: Assessment Status, Environmental Problems, Conservation and Management Strategies." In Asian Symposium on Mangrove Environment: Research and Management, edited by E.Soepadmo, A.N Rao, D.J Maclntosh, 25-29. Malaysia, 1980

Anthropogenic activities impact the diversity of organisms found in ecosystems above ground and below ground, and thus influence the provision of ecosystem services. The present paper tries to address the problem of sustainable use of resources in coastal wetlands of Kerala with an example of tourist spot known as Veli, a well-known tourist spot in Thiruvananthapuram city. Studies reveal drastic depletion in fauna and fish species in recent decades. In this context, the present work tries to identify the various eco system services associated with coastal wetlands particularly Veli Wetland System. The study also aims to illuminate the economic value of recreational services provided by the Veli Lake and also the threat from waste disposal to the lake. To identify various ecosystem services offered by Veli wetland, discussion with the stake holders, local communities and other beneficiaries have been done. To illuminate the economic value of recreational services from the Lake, primary data have been collected from 120 tourists of Veli through a structured questionnaire. Tourist's willingness to pay has been used to find out the economic value of recreation benefits from the Lake. To find out the threat of waste disposal into the Lake, case study method has been used and data have been collected from 60 households including fishermen. The lake system is rapidly getting degraded due to reclamation, input of city drainage, siltation and weed infestation. Consequently, the study suggests to impose a user fee from tourists and households for the optimum management of the ecosystem services.