International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
STAGES OF PRODUCTION: AN ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY IN A CLAY BRICKFIELD IN NORTH 24-PARGANAS, WEST BENGAL, INDIA

Authors:
Sukla Sikder

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Sukla Sikder
Teaching Assistant, Department of Anthropology, West Bengal State University, Barasat, Kolkata-126, WB, India

MLA 8
Sikder, Sukla. "STAGES OF PRODUCTION: AN ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY IN A CLAY BRICKFIELD IN NORTH 24-PARGANAS, WEST BENGAL, INDIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 12, Dec. 2018, pp. 6989-6999, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=493. Accessed Dec. 2018.
APA
Sikder, S. (2018, December). STAGES OF PRODUCTION: AN ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY IN A CLAY BRICKFIELD IN NORTH 24-PARGANAS, WEST BENGAL, INDIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(12), 6989-6999. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=493
Chicago
Sikder, Sukla. "STAGES OF PRODUCTION: AN ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY IN A CLAY BRICKFIELD IN NORTH 24-PARGANAS, WEST BENGAL, INDIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 12 (December 2018), 6989-6999. Accessed December, 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=493.

References
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[3]. American Institute of Architects. (1998). Environmental Resource Guide. Canada: The American Institute of Architects.
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[5]. Smita, (2007). Locked Homes, Empty Schools: The Impact of Distress Seasonal Migration on the Rural Poor. New Delhi: Zubaan, Shahpur Jat.
[6]. Roy, S. K. (2012). Socio-economic conditions of women workers in some selected brick kilns in West Bengal: an empirical study with special reference to Nadia district, International Journal of Research in Commerce, it & management, 2(7), 121-123.
[7]. Bagchi, A., Das, S., Karmakar, S., and Ghosh, S. (2014). Occupational & Ergonomic Health Analyses of Female Construction Workers of West Bengal, India. International Journal of Analytical, Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, 3(2). 55-56.
[8]. Majumder, R., and Mukherjee, D. (2012). Paternal Migration, Child Labour and Education: a Study in Brickfield Areas of West Bengal, Journal of Economic and Social Development, 8(1), 71-73.

Abstract:
In India, the use of fired bricks belongs to Indus Valley Civilization. Since then the tradition of using fired bricks being followed in India to enhance the durability and strength of any construction. Presently like other states of India in West Bengal, fired bricks are in use for construction purpose. Bricks are generally being produced locally in industries and small enterprises in villages of rural Bengal. The present study had been done in a small enterprise called Sadarpur Brick Field (SBF), which is situated under the village, Sadarpur under the Icchapur-Nilgaunj Gram Panchayet, Barasat Block-II, in the District of North-24-Parganas, West Bengal. In the said enterprise the labourforce employed in the production of bricks is mostly local. But for the firing of the bricks, migrated labours, especially from Gujarat, Rajasthan is being preferred for their efficiency as well as skill in the concerned sector. Through the present study, it had been observed that different operational stages were involved in the production of fired clay-bricks. The present study is basically an ethnographic profile of the stages of brick production ranging from 'Soil collection' to 'Selling and transportation of bricks'. Through the present study, the organization of production on and the issues are related to the processes of the units of production and allied division of labours had also been observed. The empirical data had been collected through Participant Observation, supplemented by Intensive Interviews with the association of Questionnaires.