Title: DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF PUNJABI
MIGRATION TO MALAYSIA
Authors: SUNAINA PATHANIA
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN HISTORY,
GURU NANAK DEV UNIVERSITY, AMRITSAR, INDIA
MLA 8 PATHANIA, SUNAINA. "DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF PUNJABI MIGRATION TO MALAYSIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 3, Mar. 2018, pp. 869-880, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=60. Accessed 2018.
APA PATHANIA, S. (2018, March). DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF PUNJABI MIGRATION TO MALAYSIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(3), 869-880. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=60
Chicago PATHANIA, SUNAINA. "DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF PUNJABI MIGRATION TO MALAYSIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 3 (March 2018), 869-880. Accessed , 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=60.
References . Dhaliwal, Malkiat S Lopo. (1971). Some Historical Notes (Malaysian Sikhs), Sikhs in Malaysia
Series. Vol.I. West Malaysia: Lopo Ghar.
. Kaur, Amarjit. (1973). North Indians in Malaya: A Study of their economic, social and political
Activities with Special Reference to Selangor, 1870-1940.Master Thesis. University of Malaya:
Department of History.
. Kaur, Arunajeet. (2003).Sikhs in the policing of British Malaya and Straits Settlements (1874-
1957. Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller.
. Report of the Malay States Guides for the Year 1913. (1914). Supplement to the "FMS
Government Gazette" March27:1-4.Retrived April 10,2015, from
. Sandhu, Kernial. (1969). Indians in Malaya: Some Aspects of Their Immigration and
Settlement, 1786-1957. London: Cambridge University Press.
. Sandhu, Kernial. (1970).Some Preliminary Observations of the Origin and Characteristics of
Indian Migration to Malaya (1786-1957). Intisari, 3(4):22-40.
. Sandhu, Kernial. (1976). Sikh Immigration into Malaya during British Rule. The Punjab Past and
Present, 10(2)20: 425-443.
. Shamsul, A.B., Kaur, Arunajeet. (2011). Sikhs in South East Asia: Negotiating An Identity.
Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
. Sidhu, Manjit. (1983). Sikh Migration to Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia). Journal of Sikh Studies,
. Sidhu, Manjit. (1983). Sikhs in Peninsular Malaysia: Their Distribution and Occupations. Asian
Profile, 11(3): 293-307.
. Singh, Gurmukh. (2003). The Global Indian: The Rise of Sikhs Abroad. New Delhi: Rupa and
Abstract: The present study focus on the Punjabis residing in Malaysia. The study deals with the historical
process and pattern of their migration. Survey was conducted among the Punjabis residing in
Malaysia in order to get first-hand knowledge about their reasons of migration, occupational
profile, their current status in the country of their adoption. It has been found that Punjabis
formed 4.7 per cent in Malaysia out of the total population of Indians. Majority of Punjabis in
Malaysia are from Malwa region followed by Majha and least from Doaba region of Punjab.
Although almost every Punjabi migrate to these countries due to economic reasons, however
some of them decided to permanently settle there. It has been found that 44 per cent in Malaysia
are permanent residents while fifty six per cent are on work permit. Further, twenty six per cent
Punjabis are skilled workers, twenty four per cent are professional workers, twenty eight per cent
are businessmen and ten per cent are unskilled workers. Most of the first and second generation
migrants are indulged in traditional business such as textiles manufacturing while third and
fourth generation are indulging themselves in other professions.
The International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research Inviting Papers/Articles for Current Issue Volume 4 No. 12 December 2019.
Submit your Paper through Online Submission System. Authors also can Send Paper to firstname.lastname@example.org ....... Editor in Chief IJSSER