Title: INDIA'S INDENTURED LABOUR MIGRATION TO MALAYA: A
Authors: Dr. Sunaina Pathania
Dr. Sunaina Pathania
Assistant Professor in History,
Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India
MLA 8 Pathania, Dr. Sunaina. "INDIA'S INDENTURED LABOUR MIGRATION TO MALAYA: A HISTORICAL STUDY." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 3, no. 4, Apr. 2018, pp. 1217-1226, ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=87. Accessed 2018.
APA Pathania, D. (2018, April). INDIA'S INDENTURED LABOUR MIGRATION TO MALAYA: A HISTORICAL STUDY. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 3(4), 1217-1226. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=87
Chicago Pathania, Dr. Sunaina. "INDIA'S INDENTURED LABOUR MIGRATION TO MALAYA: A HISTORICAL STUDY." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 3, no. 4 (April 2018), 1217-1226. Accessed , 2018. ijsser.org/more2018.php?id=87.
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Abstract: The present study focus on the Indian labour migration to Malay Peninsula. The study deals with
the historical explanation of contact between these two regions from time immemorial. Nature of
migration is also the subject matter of the present study. Contact between India and Malaya dates
back to the early times. Hindu, Buddhist priests and merchants have been travelling there and
established their dominance in Malay courts. Many states were established in Malay Archipelago
named after Indian states and rulers and were under the influence of Hindu-Buddhist religious
ideas. This dominance remained undisturbed from the first century A.D till the advent of Islam
with the arrival of Ulemas along with Indian Muslim merchants in Malacca from thirteenth
century onwards. Hindu traders and Muslim merchants suffered heavily with the arrival of
European powers particularly English East India Company. British control over Malaya later on
encouraged Indians to migrate to work in plantation industries of rubber, sugarcane, oil palms
and tobacco as Indentured labourers in the early nineteenth century. They were mostly South
Indians. It has been found that these labourers were brought by recruiting agents from their
villages to the depots like Negapatnam and then boarded them to ships to various port of Malay
Peninsula. These labourers were sold under the contract of certain period upon reaching Penang.
This labour system however abolished in 1910.
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