International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
ECONOMIC PROFILE OF SONARGAON CITY (AD. 14th to 16th CENTURY)

Authors:
Arif Hossain

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Arif Hossain
Research Scholar (Ph.D.) CAS, Dept. of History Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

MLA 8
Hossain, Arif. "ECONOMIC PROFILE OF SONARGAON CITY (AD. 14th to 16th CENTURY)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 1, Jan. 2019, pp. 1-9, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=01. Accessed Jan. 2019.
APA
Hossain, A. (2019, January). ECONOMIC PROFILE OF SONARGAON CITY (AD. 14th to 16th CENTURY). Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(1), 1-9. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=01
Chicago
Hossain, Arif. "ECONOMIC PROFILE OF SONARGAON CITY (AD. 14th to 16th CENTURY)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 1 (January 2019), 1-9. Accessed January, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=01.

References
[1]. Bradley-Birt, F.B. The Romance of an Eastern capital, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, 1906 (AES Reprint 1984), pp. 325-26.
[2]. Sonargaon is the medieval term used for the ancient Suvarnagrama. It is also written as Sunargaon or Sunnargaon.
[3]. Zia-ud-din Barani. Tarikh-i Firoz Shahi, Engl. Trans. Of Ishtiyaq Ahmed Zilli, Primus Books, New Delhi, 2015, p. 53.
[4]. Dani, Ahmed Hasan. Dacca: A record of its changing Fortune, Crescent Book Centre, Dacca, 1962, p. 257.
[5]. Tarafdar, M.R. Trade, Technology and Society in Medieval Bengal, International Centre for Bengal Studies, Dhaka University, Dhaka, 1995, p. 65.
[6]. Tarafdar, M.R. Husain Shai Bengal (AD. 1494-1538), Asiatic Society of Pakistan, Dacca, 1965, p. 115.
[7]. Abul Fazl Allami. Ain-I Akbari, vol-II, Engl. Trans. Of H.S. Jarrett, Low Price Publication, Delhi, 1927 (Reprint of LPP. 2011), pp. 141, 151.
[8]. Habib, Irfan. An Atlas of the Mughal Empire, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1982 (Reprinted with corrections 1986), p. 44.
[9]. Ibid. Sheet 11 A & 11 B.
[10]. Ibid. Sheet 11 A & 11 B.
[11]. Elliot & Dowson. The History of India, as told by its own Historians, vol-IV, Low Price Publication, Delhi, 1867-77 (LPP Reprint of 2014), p. 417.
[12]. Naqvi, Hamida Khatun. Urbanisation and Urban Centres under the Great Mughals, 1556-1707, vol-I, Indian Institute Of Advanced Study, Shimla, 1972, P.66.
[13]. Ahmed, Nisar. Assam-Bengal Trade in the Medieval Period: A Numismatic Perspective, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 33, No. 2 (1990), p.176.
[14]. Ibn Battuta. Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354, Trans. Of H. A.R. Gibb, Low Price Publication, Delhi, 1929 (LPP Reprint of 2012), pp. 270-71.
[15]. Ma Huan. Ying-Yai Sheng-Lan (1433), Engl. Trans. and Ed. By J.V.G. Mills, titled as The Overall Survey of the Oceans Shores, Cambridge University Press for the Hakluyt Society, Cambridge, 1970, p. 51.
[16]. Ibn Battuta. Op-cit. p. 271.
[17]. Ma Huan. Op-cit. p. 65.
[18]. Ralph Fitch. Early Travels in India 1583-1619, Edited by William Foster, Low Price Publication, Delhi, 1921 (LPP Reprint of 2012) p. 28.
[19]. Ibid. p. 28.
[20]. Abul Fazl Allami. Op-cit, p. 136.
[21]. The Remonstrantie of Francisco Pelsaert. Engl. Trans. Of W.H. Moreland & P. Geyl, W. Heffer & Sons Ltd, Cambridge, 1925. (Low Price Publications, New Delhi, 2001, Reprint 2011, p. 8.
[22]. Ma Huan. Op-cit. p. 51.
[23]. Abul Fazl Allami. Op-cit, p. 136.
[24]. Tchitcherov, Alexander I. India, changing economic structure in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries, outline history of crafts and trade, Manohar, New Delhi, 1965 (3rd revised edition 1998), p. 71.
[25]. Karim, Abdul. Corpus of the Muslim coins of Bengal (down to AD. 1538), Asiatic Society of Pakistan, Dacca, 1960, p. 158.
[26]. Hussain, Syed Ejaz. The Bengal Sultanate (AD 1205-1576), Manohar, New Delhi, 2003, Appendix B, list of the coins, issued from Sonargaon Mint.
[27]. Ibid. Appendix B, list of the coins, issued from Fathabad and Muhammadabad Mint.
[28]. Tarafdar, M.R. Trade, Technology and Society in Medieval Bengal, International Centre for Bengal Studies, Dhaka University, Dhaka, 1995, p. 84.
[29]. Hussain, Ejaz. Op-cit, p. 301.
[30]. Ray, Aniruddha. Towns and cities of the Medieval India, Manohar, New Delhi, 2015, p. 237.
[31]. Hussain, Ejaz. Op-cit, p. 303.
[32]. Ibn Battuta. Op-cit. p. 271.
[33]. Tarafdar, M.R. Husain Shai Bengal (AD. 1494-1538), Asiatic Society of Pakistan, Dacca, 1965,
[34]. P. 136. CF. Visva-Bharati annals, I, Calcutta, 1945, p. 99.
[35]. Abul Fazl Allami. Op-cit, p. 151. 35. Ibid. pp. 150, 145, 152.
[36]. Hussain, Ejaz. Op-cit, p. 247. CF. Visva-Bharati annals, Calcutta, 1945, pp. 97,101.
[37]. Levi, Scott C. India and Central Asia Commerce and Culture, 1500-1800 (edited), Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2007, p. 67.
[38]. The travels of Peter Mundy, in Europe and Asia, 1608-1667, vol-II, edited by Lt.-col., Sir Richard Carnac Temple, The Hakluyt Society, 1914. P. 154.
[39]. Ibn Battuta. Op-cit. p. 271.
[40]. Ralph Fitch. Op-cit. p. 28.

Abstract:
Sonargaon lies three miles east of Narayanganj sub division of Dhaka, the capital of modern Bangladesh. Sonargaon was an administrative unit and also acted as the eastern capital of Bengal during the period under review. It played a great role in the economy of Bengal. Mint was established there in the early 14th century. It produced rice and cotton cloth in large quantities. The city of Sonargaon also acted as a port city carried long distance commercial activities within India and outside of India. A number of foreign travelers like Ibn Battuta, Hou Xian, Ma Huan, Ralph Fitch, F. Pelsaert and others, came here and penned down about its richness, fertile land, population, products especially cotton cloth like muslin, maritime trade and so on.