International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper


Eze Chris Akani, Ph.D

|| ||

Eze Chris Akani, Ph.D
Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuorlumeni, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Akani, Eze Chris. "MAINSTREAMING THE PAN AFRICAN IDEALS IN THE AFRICAN UNION (AU) AGENDA 2063. THE AFRICA WE WANT." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 2, Feb. 2019, pp. 1367-1383, Accessed Feb. 2019.
Akani, E. (2019, February). MAINSTREAMING THE PAN AFRICAN IDEALS IN THE AFRICAN UNION (AU) AGENDA 2063. THE AFRICA WE WANT. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(2), 1367-1383. Retrieved from
Akani, Eze Chris. "MAINSTREAMING THE PAN AFRICAN IDEALS IN THE AFRICAN UNION (AU) AGENDA 2063. THE AFRICA WE WANT." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 2 (February 2019), 1367-1383. Accessed February, 2019.

[1]. Abdul-Raheem, T. (1996). Pan Africanism: Politics, economy and social change in the twentyfirst century. New York: Washington Square. Africa Development Bank Group Report, May 23, 2017.
[2]. Bankie, B. F. & Mchombu, K. (2008). Pan Africanism and African nationalism: Strengthening the unity of Africa and its Diaspora. Asmara: The Red Sea Press Inc.
[3]. Blyden, E. (1967). Africa for Africans. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
[4]. DuBois, W. E. B. (1996). The world and Africa: An inquiry to the part which Africa has played in world history. New York: International Publishers.
[5]. Esedebe, P. O. (1980). Pan Africanism. London: Longman Group Ltd.
[6]. Karach, G., Besada, J. & Shaw, T. M. (2016). Development in Africa: Refocusing the lens after the Millennium Development Goals.
[7]. Kwayana, E. (1993). Pan Africanism in the Caribbean Southern Africa political economy. Harare: Monthly.
[8]. Landsberg, C. (1993). The fifth wave of Pan Africanism. In Rashid, I. & Adebayo, S. (n.d). West Africa's challenges. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
[9]. Mills, G., Herbest, J., Obasanjo, O. & Davis, D. (2017). Making Africa work. London: Hurst and Company.
[10]. Mutiso, G. & Rohio, S. W. (1987). Readings in African political thought. London: Heinemann Educational Books Ltd.
[11]. Nkrumah, K. (1973). Revolutionary path. London: Panaf.
[12]. Nkrumah, K. (1977). Forward ever. London: Panaf.
[13]. Nkrumah, K. (2009). Consciencism: Philosophy and ideology for de-colonization. New York: Monthly Press Review.
[14]. Nkrumah, K. (2012). African genius. In Lauer, H. and Ayidoho, K. (n.d). reclaiming the human sciences and humanities through African perspectives. Accra: Sub-Saharan Publishers.
[15]. Rodney, W. (1996). The groundings with my brothers. London: Boghe L'Overture Publications. This Day Newspaper, May 8, 2018.
[16]. UNEC Report, July 11, 2018.
[17]. Vanguard Newspaper, April 24, 2018.

Pan Africanism was a movement that developed from the Diaspora in London. Its avowed aim was to protect, promote the dignity of the black race and assert their right to self-governance. This was against the orchestrated dehumanization of Africans through the Atlantic slave trade and the subsequent colonial brutalization. From the 1940s the Movement laid the groundwork for the emancipation of Africans from all forms of humiliation and exploitation. This eventually led to political independence from the 1960s. An important aspect of Pan Africanism is that of self-reliance for development. Sadly from the 1980s to the 21st century, almost all the programmes for the realization of the Pan African Ideal have been consigned to the twilight zone of insignificance. These include but not limited to the Lagos Plan of Action (LPA) the New Economic Partnership for African Development (NEPAD) and the African Common Market. This study seeks to examine how the ideals of Pan Africanism can be mainstreamed to achieve the vision of AU Agenda. This is a qualitative study. Data collected was based on Secondary sources. These include review of existing literature official bulletins, magazines, visit to research Centers such as the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIA) Lagos, and the Center for Advanced social science in Port Harcourt. It was discovered that past programmes by African leaders were abandoned or coerced to abandon the self-reliant strategy of Pan Africanism. This has made the continent subservient to external forces. We, therefore, recommend that for the African Union Agenda 2063 to achieve its Mission and Vision, it must not deviate from the hallowed tenets of Pan African Ideals, as enunciated in the First Conference of the All African Independent States in April 1958.