International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
SOCIAL CHANGE ON THANGAL TRIBE IN MANIPUR: ANALYSIS WITH HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

Authors:
Dr. L. Helen Devi

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Dr. L. Helen Devi
Assistant Professor, Department of History, Kha Manipur College, Kakching

MLA 8
Devi, Dr. L. Helen. "SOCIAL CHANGE ON THANGAL TRIBE IN MANIPUR: ANALYSIS WITH HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 2, Feb. 2019, pp. 1396-1403, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=102. Accessed Feb. 2019.
APA
Devi, D. (2019, February). SOCIAL CHANGE ON THANGAL TRIBE IN MANIPUR: ANALYSIS WITH HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(2), 1396-1403. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=102
Chicago
Devi, Dr. L. Helen. "SOCIAL CHANGE ON THANGAL TRIBE IN MANIPUR: ANALYSIS WITH HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research4, no. 2 (February 2019), 1396-1403. Accessed February, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=102.

References
[1]. Kuppuswamy, B., Social Change in India, New Delhi, Revised Edition, 1986, p. 34
[2]. Davis, Kingsley, Human Society, New York, Third Edition, 1973, p. 621
[3]. Lokendra, M. Social change in Manipur (1891-1972), A Thesis submitted to Manipur University, 1991, p. 87.
[4]. Ibid., p. 205.
[5]. Ibid., p. 209
[6]. Such type of education system was meant for tribal welfare; inter tribal feuds and village defence. It is also important for maintaining discipline, respect and morality.
[7]. Lokendra, op.cit, p. 211
[8]. Johnstone, James, Manipur and Naga Hills, Delhi, 1971, p. 144
[9]. Information collected from Khangba Anth on the 10th January, 2001
[10]. Source: Census of India, 1991 Series 15-Manipur, Part VIII special Table on Scheduled Tribes, Directorate of Census Operations Manipur.
[11]. Lokendro, op. cit., p. 237
[12]. Ibid
[13]. Bhuyan, S.K., Early British Relation with Assam, Shillong, 1948, p. 3
[14]. Lokendra op. cit., p. 259
[15]. Davis. op. cit., p. 14
[16]. Lokendra, op. cit., p. 260
[17]. Lal Dena, Christian Missions and Colonialism, Shillong, 1988, p. 19
[18]. Vaiphei, Prime, Chruch Growth Among the Hill tribes in Manipur N.E. India, Imphal, 1986, p. 46
[19]. Souvenir, Thangal Naga Union, (1947-97) p. 5
[20]. Ibid
[21]. Ibid
[22]. Ibid
[23]. Ibid
[24]. Lokendra, M. op cit.,, p. 87
[25]. Ibid, P. 88
[26]. Kingsley Davis, op. cit. P. 541
[27]. Davis Kingsley, op. cit., p. 541
[28]. Johnston, op cit. p. 114

Abstract:
This paper attempted to understand social changes in the Thangal Naga tribes and its influencing factors. The Thangal Society also undergoes change. Changes amongst the Thangals became louder when Manipur was brought within the pale of British administration. In others words, modernization of the Manipur society in general and Thangal society in particular was first started with the occupation of Manipur by the British after the Anglo-Manipur War of 1891. Now, the Thangal are at the cross road of identity crisis. Many factors are contributing to this. The most important factor is demographic. Although the census date show the increasing rate of population of the Thangals, yet the total population of this tribe is still less in number.