Title: HUMAN-DEVELOPMENT INDEX OF INDIA:
CONCEPT AND MEASUREMENT
Authors: Dr. Tejbir Singh Rana
Dr. Tejbir Singh Rana Department of Geography, Shivaji College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110027
MLA 8 Rana, Dr. Tejbir Singh. "HUMAN-DEVELOPMENT INDEX OF INDIA: CONCEPT AND MEASUREMENT." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 4, Mar. 2019, pp. 1696-1712, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=125. Accessed Mar. 2019.
APA Rana, D. (2019, March). HUMAN-DEVELOPMENT INDEX OF INDIA: CONCEPT AND MEASUREMENT. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(4), 1696-1712. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=125
Chicago Rana, Dr. Tejbir Singh. "HUMAN-DEVELOPMENT INDEX OF INDIA: CONCEPT AND MEASUREMENT." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 4 (March 2019), 1696-1712. Accessed March, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=125.
References . Census of India, 2011, office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India.
. Press Information Bureau, Govt. of India, Ministry of statistics and Programme Implementation
. Govt. of India website, data.gov.in , key indicators of National Family Health survey (NFHS-3
. Literacy Rate in India, NSSO, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Govt. of
India, 2014 (Table 29.5).
. Suryanarayana, M.H and et. al, 2011, Inequality adjusted Human Development Index of India's
States, UNDP, 55, Lodhi Estate, New Delhi-110003, India.
Abstract: The development of any region is determined by the qualitative improvement in overall
lifestyle of the inhabitants in spatio-temporal perspective. The application of technology,
monetary flow, mobility and inter-regional exchange of goods are reflected in the form of
improved quality of life of overall population in a region. The measurement of Human
Development Index (HDI) is based on normalization index (quantitative measurement) where
value of data of each state is calculated from 0.000 (zero as lowest value) to 1.000 as highest
value (subject to the range of minimum and maximum value) in a given set of data. As per the
UNDP standardization, three indicators are taken into consideration for the calculation of human
development index of various administrative units (states/UT's) of India. These indicators are --
a). Average Life Expectancy which reflects the health indicators of the people in a particular
region b). Literacy Rate which denotes the awareness and knowledge base of society and c). Per
Capita Income indicates the economic parameters of the social group in a region.
Considering the extreme range of data of Indian states and union territories, the HDI is
calculated in two categories of states and UT's as Major and Minor States. This division is based
on minimum geographical area of 2% to the total geographical area of the country and minimum
0.5% population of an administrative unit to the total population of India. Subsequently 21
Major and 15 Minor states and union territories (as administrative units) reflected the justifiable
categorization and ranking of data of Indian states/UTs. Further, on the basis of final range of
normalization index, three categories of Indian states/UT's developed as Progressive, Dynamic
and Prospective states/UT's.
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