International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
VULNERABILITY: A NOTE ON THE CONCEPT, MEASUREMENTS AND APPLICATION IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE

Authors:
Rajkumar R and Dr. C. S. Shaijumon

|| ||

Rajkumar R1 and Dr. C. S. Shaijumon2
1. PhD Student, Department of Humanities, IIST, Thiruvananthapuram
2. Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, IIST, Thiruvananthapuram

MLA 8
R, Rajkumar, and Dr. C. S. Shaijumon. "VULNERABILITY: A NOTE ON THE CONCEPT, MEASUREMENTS AND APPLICATION IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 3, Mar. 2019, pp. 1908-1926, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=140. Accessed Mar. 2019.
APA
R, R., & Shaijumon, D. (2019, March). VULNERABILITY: A NOTE ON THE CONCEPT, MEASUREMENTS AND APPLICATION IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(3), 1908-1926. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=140
Chicago
R, Rajkumar, and Dr. C. S. Shaijumon. "VULNERABILITY: A NOTE ON THE CONCEPT, MEASUREMENTS AND APPLICATION IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 3 (March 2019), 1908-1926. Accessed March, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=140.

References
[1]. Adger, W. N. (2006). Vulnerability. Global environmental change, 16(3), 268-281.
[2]. Bahinipati, C. S. (2014). Assessment of vulnerability to cyclones and floods in Odisha, India: a district-level analysis. Current Science, 1997-2007.
[3]. Brenkert, A. L., & Malone, E. L. (2005). Modeling vulnerability and resilience to climate change: a case study of India and Indian states. Climatic Change, 72(1-2), 57-102.
[4]. Byjesh, K., Kumar, S. N., & Aggarwal, P. K. (2010). Simulating impacts, potential adaptation and vulnerability of maize to climate change in India. Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change, 15(5), 413-431.
[5]. Castells-Quintana, D., del Pilar Lopez-Uribe, M., & McDermott, T. K. (2018). Adaptation to climate change: A review through a development economics lens. World Development, 104, 183- 196.
[6]. Fussel, H. M. (2007). Vulnerability: A generally applicable conceptual framework for climate change research. Global environmental change, 17(2), 155-167.
[7]. Fussel, H. M. (2010). How inequitable is the global distribution of responsibility, capability, and vulnerability to climate change: A comprehensive indicator-based assessment. Global Environmental Change, 20(4), 597-611.
[8]. Fussel, H. M. (2012). Vulnerability to climate change and poverty. In Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability (pp. 9-17). Springer, Dordrecht.
[9]. Government of India. (2015). Economic Survey of India (2013-14). Ministry of Finance, New Delhi.
[10]. Hahn, M. B., Riederer, A. M., & Foster, S. O. (2009). The Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change-A case study in Mozambique. Global Environmental Change, 19(1), 74-88.
[11]. Hatfield, J. L., & Prueger, J. H. (2015). Temperature extremes: Effect on plant growth and development. Weather and climate extremes, 10, 4-10.
[12]. Iizumi, T., & Ramankutty, N. (2015). How do weather and climate influence cropping area and intensity?. Global Food Security, 4, 46-50.
[13]. IPCC, 2013: Annex III: Glossary [Planton, S. (ed.)]. In:Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F.,D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor,
[14]. S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
[15]. Kumar, K. K., Klein, R. J., Ionescu, C., Hinkel, J., & Klein, R. (2007). Vulnerability to poverty and vulnerability to climate change: Conceptual framework, measurement and synergies in policy, MSE Working paper No. 2007-019.
[16]. Lerche, J. (2011). Agrarian crisis and agrarian questions in India. Journal of Agrarian Change, 11(1), 104-118.
[17]. Luers, A. L. (2005). The surface of vulnerability: an analytical framework for examining environmental change. Global Environmental Change, 15(3), 214-223.
[18]. McCarthy, James J., et al., eds. Climate change 2001: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability: contribution of Working Group II to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Vol. 2. Cambridge University Press, 2001.
[19]. McCulloch, N., & Calandrino, M. (2003). Vulnerability and chronic poverty in rural Sichuan. World Development, 31(3), 611-628.
[20]. Morduch,J. 1994. Poverty and Vulnerability. The American Economic Review. 84(2). pp 221- 225.
[21]. Murthy, C. S., Yadav, M., Ahamed, J. M., Laxman, B., Prawasi, R., Sai, M. S., & Hooda, R. S. (2015). A study on agricultural drought vulnerability at disaggregated level in a highly irrigated and intensely cropped state of India. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 187(3), 140.
[22]. Naylor, R. L., Battisti, D. S., Vimont, D. J., Falcon, W. P., & Burke, M. B. (2007). Assessing risks of climate variability and climate change for Indonesian rice agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(19), 7752-7757.
[23]. O'Brien, Karen., Eriksen, S., Nygaard, L. P., & Schjolden, A. (2007). Why different interpretations of vulnerability matter in climate change discourses. Climate policy, 7(1), 73-88.
[24]. Panda, A. (2009). Assessing vulnerability to climate change in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 105-107.
[25]. Panda, A. (2015). Understanding vulnerability to climate variability and change among small and marginal farmers in Odisha, India (No. 1008-2016-80169).
[26]. Parry, M. L., & Carter, T. R. (1985). The effect of climatic variations on agricultural risk. Climatic Change, 7(1), 95-110.
[27]. Patnaik, U. (1986). The agrarian question and development of capitalism in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 781-793.
[28]. Patnaik, U., & Das, P. K. (2017). Do development interventions confer adaptive capacity? Insights from rural India. World Development, 97, 298-312.
[29]. Patnaik, U., & Das, P. K. (2017). Do development interventions confer adaptive capacity? Insights from rural India. World Development, 97, 298-312.
[30]. Patnaik, U., & Narayanan, K. (2009). Vulnerability and climate change: An analysis of the eastern coastal districts of India. MPRA Paper No. 22062. https://mpra.ub.unimuenchen.de/22062/
[31]. Patnaik, U., Das, P. K., & Bahinipati, C. S. (2016). Coping with climatic shocks: empirical evidence from rural coastal Odisha, India. Global Business Review, 17(1), 161-175.
[32]. Patnaik, U., Das, P. K., Bahinipati, C. S., & Tripathi, O. N. (2017). Can developmental interventions reduce households' vulnerability? Empirical evidence from rural India. Current Science, 113(10), 2004-2013.
[33]. Pendergrass, A. G., Knutti, R., Lehner, F., Deser, C., & Sanderson, B. M. (2017). Precipitation variability increases in a warmer climate. Scientific reports, 7(1), 17966.
[34]. Peng, S., Huang, J., Sheehy, J. E., Laza, R. C., Visperas, R. M., Zhong, X., ... & Cassman, K. G. (2004). Rice yields decline with higher night temperature from global warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101(27), 9971-9975.
[35]. Porter, J. R., & Semenov, M. A. (2005). Crop responses to climatic variation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 360(1463), 2021-2035.
[36]. Prowse, M. (2003). Towards a clearer understanding of' vulnerability in relation to chronic poverty, CPRC Working paper no. 2003-24.
[37]. Rao, C. R., Raju, B. M. K., & Rao, A. S. (2016). A district level assessment of vulnerability of Indian agriculture to climate change. Current Science, 110(10), 1939-1946.
[38]. Ravindranath, N. H., Rao, S., Sharma, N., Nair, M., Gopalakrishnan, R., Rao, A., ... & Krishna, N. (2011). Climate change vulnerability profiles for North East India. Current Science, 101(3).
[39]. Ray, D. K., Gerber, J. S., MacDonald, G. K., & West, P. C. (2015). Climate variation explains a third of global crop yield variability. Nature Communications, 6, 5989.
[40]. Rowhani, P., Lobell, D. B., Linderman, M., & Ramankutty, N. (2011). Climate variability and crop production in Tanzania. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(4), 449-460.
[41]. Sam, A. S., Kumar, R., Kachele, H., & Muller, K. (2017). Quantifying household vulnerability triggered by drought: evidence from rural India. Climate and Development, 9(7), 618-633.
[42]. Shukla, R., Chakraborty, A., & Joshi, P. K. (2017). Vulnerability of agro-ecological zones in India under the earth system climate model scenarios. Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change, 22(3), 399-425.
[43]. Trenberth, K. E., Dai, A., Rasmussen, R. M., & Parsons, D. B. (2003). The changing character of precipitation. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 84(9), 1205-1218.
[44]. Trenberth, K. E., Jones, P. D., Ambenje, P., Bojariu, R., Easterling, D., Klein Tank, A., ... & Soden, B. (2007). Observations: surface and atmospheric climate change. Chapter 3. Climate change, 235-336.
[45]. Tripathi, A., & Mishra, A. K. (2017). Farmers need more help to adapt to climate change. Economic and Political Weekly, 52(24), 53-59.
[46]. Turner, B. L., Kasperson, R. E., Matson, P. A., McCarthy, J. J., Corell, R. W., Christensen, L., ... & Polsky, C. (2003). A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science.
[47]. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, 100(14), 8074-8079.
[48]. Vaidyanathan, A. (2006). Farmers' suicides and the agrarian crisis. Economic and Political Weekly, 4009-4013.
[49]. Varadan, R. J., & Kumar, P. (2015). Mapping agricultural vulnerability of Tamil Nadu, India to climate change: A dynamic approach to take forward the vulnerability assessment methodology. Climatic change, 129(1-2), 159-181.
[50]. Welch, J. R., Vincent, J. R., Auffhammer, M., Moya, P. F., Dobermann, A., & Dawe, D. (2010). Rice yields in tropical/subtropical Asia exhibit large but opposing sensitivities to minimum and maximum temperatures. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(33), 14562- 14567.
[51]. Yadu, C. R., & Satheesha, B. (2016). Agrarian Question in India. Economic & Political Weekly, 51(16), 21.
[52]. Kelly, P. M., & Adger, W. N. (2000). Theory and practice in assessing vulnerability to climate change and facilitating adaptation. Climatic change, 47(4), 325-352.

Abstract:
Vulnerability is conceptualised in the academic discourse to assess the degree to which a system is exposed, sensitive and resilient to harm. The conceptualisations of vulnerability are classified in to broad research traditions. While the research on vulnerability has significantly progressed in terms of conceptualisation as well as measurement, the paper observes that a universal measure continues to be elusive. Recent studies from the Economics research tradition have made significant contributions in capturing the issues that are central to the contemporary agrarian question.