International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
GROWING NUMBER AND SIZE OF TOWNS/CITIES IN HARYANA: A GEOGRAPHIC PERSPECTIVE

Authors:
Himanshu Sangwan , Ms. Mahima

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Himanshu Sangwan1 , Ms. Mahima2
1. Department of Geography, Indira Gandhi University, Meerpur, Rewari
2. Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, A.I. Jat. H.M. College, Rohtak

MLA 8
Sangwan, Himanshu, and Ms. Mahima. "GROWING NUMBER AND SIZE OF TOWNS/CITIES IN HARYANA: A GEOGRAPHIC PERSPECTIVE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 3, Mar. 2019, pp. 2191-2201, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=161. Accessed Mar. 2019.
APA
Sangwan, H., & Ms. Mahima. (2019, March). GROWING NUMBER AND SIZE OF TOWNS/CITIES IN HARYANA: A GEOGRAPHIC PERSPECTIVE. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(3), 2191-2201. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=161
Chicago
Sangwan, Himanshu, and Ms. Mahima. "GROWING NUMBER AND SIZE OF TOWNS/CITIES IN HARYANA: A GEOGRAPHIC PERSPECTIVE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 3 (March 2019), 2191-2201. Accessed March, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=161.

References

[1]. Bhagat, R.B. (1992), "Components of Urban Growth in India with Reference to Haryana: Findings from Recent Censuses", Nagarlok, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp.10-14.
[2]. Census of India (1991), General Population Tables (Tables A-1 to A-3), Part II-A (i), Series-1, India, Statement-3, Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, p. 617.
[3]. Census of India (1991), Towns and Urban Agglomerations 1991 with their Population 1901- 1991, Part II-A (ii)-A Series, Series-1, India, Table A-4, Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India New Delhi, pp. 73-79, 203-1157, .
[4]. Census of India (2001), Final Population Totals: Urban Agglomerations and Towns,Series- I, India, pp. 59-70.
[5]. Census of India (2001), General Population Tables, Haryana (Tables A-1 to A-4), Series-7, India, Statements-1 & 3, Directorate of Census Operations, Haryana, pp. 119 -131.
[6]. Census of India (2011), Primary Census Abstract, Haryana, Series 7, Tables - A5-A8, Directorate of Census Operations, Haryana.
[7]. Chandna, R.C. (1982), "Urbanization in Haryana: 1971- 81", Research Bulletin (Science) of the Panjab University, Vol. 33, pp. 16.
[8]. Krishan, G. and Chandna, R.C. (1973), "Urbanization in Haryana", The Geographer, Vol. 20, pp. 16-32.
[9]. Sangwan, R.S, (2008), " Urbanization in Haryana: The Emerging Trends", Nagarlok, Vol XI, No. 2,pp. 24-39.

Abstract:
Haryana, like India, is urbanizing rapidly and about 8.8 million people live in 154 towns/cities (Census of India, 2011) across the state which constitutes about 34.79 per cent of the total population. The number of towns/cities has significantly increased from 106 in 2001 to 154 in 2011 with a decadal increase of 48 towns.
The study of growth of towns/cities by size class is helpful in understanding the stages of urban development in a country/state. The present paper, therefore, is a modest attempt to investigate the growing number of towns/cities by size class in Haryana since 1951. It is based on census data from 1951-2011.
Urban population of Haryana recorded nearly10 times increase; from 9.68 lakh persons in 1951 to 88.2 lakh in 2011. A large part of increase in urban population is attributed to emergence of new towns to take the total number of towns to 154 in 2011 as compared to 62 in 1951.
In order to provide a meaningful analysis of the changes in size-class composition of urban population, the various categories of urban centres have been divided into four groups: (i) cities (the urban centres with population of one lakh and more); however, the cities with population of 10 lakh and more, i.e. one million and above, are termed as million plus cities; (ii) large towns (the urban centres with population of 50,000 to 9 9,999); (iii) medium towns (the urban centres with population of 20,000 to 49,999); and (iv) small towns (the urban centres with population of <5000 to 19,999).
Though, the small towns (having population of less than 20,000 persons) predominate in the hierarchy of towns, but the proportion of urban population residing in these towns is on continuous decrease from 37.34 per cent in 1951 to 9.12 per cent in 2011. By comparison, about three-fourth (68.02 per cent) of the total urban population of the state is living in the cities and million-plus cities as per 2011 census. This shows that the majority of population prefers to live in cities and million-plus cities mainly because of better urban amenities and employment avenues available there.