International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
AGRICULTURE TRANSFORMATION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN KASHMIR VALLEY (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DISTRICT BARAMULLA)

Authors:
Aadil Altaf Lone

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Aadil Altaf Lone
Dept. of Sociology Barkatullah, University Bhopal, Village Nathipora Sopore, District Baramulla 193201

MLA 8
Lone, Aadil Altaf. "AGRICULTURE TRANSFORMATION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN KASHMIR VALLEY (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DISTRICT BARAMULLA)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 3, Mar. 2019, pp. 2222-2239, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=163. Accessed Mar. 2019.
APA
Lone, A. (2019, March). AGRICULTURE TRANSFORMATION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN KASHMIR VALLEY (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DISTRICT BARAMULLA). Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(3), 2222-2239. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=163
Chicago
Lone, Aadil Altaf. "AGRICULTURE TRANSFORMATION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN KASHMIR VALLEY (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DISTRICT BARAMULLA)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 3 (March 2019), 2222-2239. Accessed March, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=163.

References

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Abstract:
Agriculture is the main occupation for the people of Jammu & Kashmir. About 80% of the people are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood directly or indirectly. The state is basically a mono-cropped with 40% area in Jammu division and 60% in Kashmir division. Due to low production and low income, the agriculture system of the state has gone through a rapid transformation with changes in cropping pattern and land ownership. The farmers have changed the traditional system of cultivation by starting cultivation of cash crops. They have started transforming their irrigated land from crop cultivation to fruit cultivation and transplanting of apple trees on their irrigated land. These crops have the potential of income growth, employment generation, poverty alleviation and export promotion. Since 1980 in the state especially in Kashmir valley, the fruit cultivation has dominated the traditional crop cultivation. Horticulture sector has brought more land under orchards. The area under horticulture has been high during the past three decades i.e. 1980, 1990, 2000. About 4.5 lakh families are engaged directly or indirectly with horticulture activities. The introduction of horticulture has changed the economic scene of the rural population and emerged a class of rural entrepreneurs. The horticulture is not only rich in production but also sound in finance. Due to this transformation, the rural population not only meets their basic desires but also play a decent role in overall socio-economic development which includes all-round development of family like education of children, infrastructure and food to the family. With the rise in production and in income, there is also a great move in the socio-economic living standards of common people.