International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
IMPACT OF WTO REFORMS ON INDIAN CARDAMOM

Authors:
Dr. Jaimol James

|| ||

Dr. Jaimol James
, Asst Professor, Department of Economics, St.Dominic's College, Kanjirappally

MLA 8
James, Dr. Jaimol. "IMPACT OF WTO REFORMS ON INDIAN CARDAMOM." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 3, Mar. 2019, pp. 2385-2399, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=173. Accessed Mar. 2019.
APA
James, D. (2019, March). IMPACT OF WTO REFORMS ON INDIAN CARDAMOM. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(3), 2385-2399. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=173
Chicago
James, Dr. Jaimol. "IMPACT OF WTO REFORMS ON INDIAN CARDAMOM." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 3 (March 2019), 2385-2399. Accessed March, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=173.

References

[1]. Bullion, A (2003), Globalization, South Asian Agriculture and the W.TO.South Asian Economic Journal, 4(1):1-17,
[2]. Chanda, G.K. (2003). WTO and the Indian Economy, New Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications.
[3]. Damodaran, A.(2000) WTO agreements on agriculture, implication for Indian plantation sector, Spice India, Journal, May.
[4]. Hema, M. and Ranjit, Kumar (2007). Production and Trade performance of major spices grown in Western Ghat Region in India, Indian Journal of Agricultural Marketing
[5]. Jose Anithottam, (2002). WTO Agreements and subsidies, Rubbermithram, December.
[6]. Jose, K.P and Roy, C.M., (2000) Geographical differences in spice use, Spice India, August Vol.V111 pp 16-18
[7]. Kizhakkayil, Jaleel, Thomas Elizabeth Zacharia, John, Syamkumar S and Sasikumar B, (2006). A comparative quality appraisal of exported cardamom of India, Sri Lanka and Guatemala ,Natural Product Radiance Vol. 5, P. 361-365.
[8]. Madan Lal, (2004). "Impact of SPS measures on agro-products", Spice India,November.
[9]. Madan M.S and Kannan S, "Import Liberalization and Indian spice Economy ". Spice India, 2002, Vol. XV, March.
[10]. Mathur, Vibha (2005). WTO and India- Development Agenda for the 21st century, New Delhi: New Century Publications.
[11]. Maya.R(1985) A Study of Cardamom Production and Trade: The Indian Experience', M. Phi1 Dissertation submitted to JNU, New Delhi
[12]. Narayanan.C.S(1986) Comparative Studies on Quality Factors on India and Guatemalan Cardamom, Cardamom Journal, 19(5),May
[13]. Swaminathan, S.( 1985)Trends in the area, production and export price of cardamom in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, M. Phil Thesis, Madurai: Madurai Kamaraj University,
[14]. Vibha ,Mathur, (2005). WTO and India- Development Agenda for the 21stcentury, New Delhi, New Century Publications,

Abstract:
Cardamom, the queen of spices, is native to the Evergreen forest of Western India. Until the mid of 1980's, India has the monopoly in cardamom trade. However, after that its exports as well as production started declining. Once the leading producer and exporter of cardamom, India now struggles to stand in the field of trade. Cardamom economy in Kerala confronted many challenges both in production and in price front. Media in the country and also the growers and traders of the crop argued that the trade liberalization policy adopted by India put the cardamom economy in to its present situation. So this study made an attempt to analyze the various provisions under W.T.O relates to cardamom economy and how it affects this sector. India should take the advantage of the different provisions of the W.T.O. agreements related to spices trade and for that, an efficient bureaucracy and enlightened farmers and traders should emerge.