International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
WHO TAKES PART IN THE MGNREGA PROGRAM? EVIDENCES FROM INDIAN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SURVEY

Authors:
Dr. P. Mahendra Varman, Neeraj Kumar

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1Dr. P. Mahendra Varman, 2Neeraj Kumar
1. Assistant Professor, Department of Econometrics, University of Madras, Chennai - 600 005.
2. Sr. Research Fellow, Livestock Economics, Statistics & IT Div., ICAR-IVRI, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh.

MLA 8
Varman, Dr. P. Mahendra. "WHO TAKES PART IN THE MGNREGA PROGRAM? EVIDENCES FROM INDIAN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SURVEY." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 1, Jan. 2019, pp. 192-206, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=19. Accessed Jan. 2019.
APA
Varman, D. (2019, January). WHO TAKES PART IN THE MGNREGA PROGRAM? EVIDENCES FROM INDIAN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SURVEY. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(1), 192-206. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=19
Chicago
Varman, Dr. P. Mahendra. "WHO TAKES PART IN THE MGNREGA PROGRAM? EVIDENCES FROM INDIAN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SURVEY." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 1 (January 2019), 192-206. Accessed January, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=19.

References
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Abstract:
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), enacted in the year 2005, is one of the flagship programmes of the Government of India to improve rural livelihood in the country and bridge the gap between the rich and the poor. Though it is a right based universal programme, it has a strong underlying targeting mechanism as the entry into the programme is through self-selection. Self-selection could have significant effects on the MGNREGA programme participation. Hence the aim of this paper is to explore the determinants of participation in the MGNREGA program and further to examine if the women headed households and households consisting of the marginalised sections of the society like SC/STs and backward communities are attracted by the MGNREGA program. Probit model is used to address the objectives of this paper. The results point out that socio-economic-demographic variables such as household head's gender, education level and age along with the caste and poverty status and household size have an effect on the program participation. Economic variable such as livestock and land owned by household plays a very important role in program participation. Further the results from probit regression point out that the likeliness of participation is more for male headed household compared to that of female headed households. Households belonging to marginalized communities have more probability of participating in the MGNREGA program compared to households belonging to the so called other forward social communities.