Title: PERSPECTIVES OF CHANGING NATURE OF LIVESTOCK
RESOURCES IN INDIA
Authors: Dr. Tejbir Singh Rana
Dr. Tejbir Singh Rana
Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Shivaji
College (University of Delhi), Delhi-110027.
MLA 8 Rana, Dr. Tejbir Singh. "PERSPECTIVES OF CHANGING NATURE OF LIVESTOCK RESOURCES IN INDIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 4, Apr. 2019, pp. 2930-2942, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=217. Accessed Apr. 2019.
APA Rana, D. (2019, April). PERSPECTIVES OF CHANGING NATURE OF LIVESTOCK RESOURCES IN INDIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(4), 2930-2942. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=217
Chicago Rana, Dr. Tejbir Singh. "PERSPECTIVES OF CHANGING NATURE OF LIVESTOCK RESOURCES IN INDIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 4 (April 2019), 2930-2942. Accessed April, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=217.
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Abstract: India is largely an agrarian country with mixed farming where livestock plays vital economic
roles. The nature of farming is synchronized in accordance to livestock rearing. Vast landscape
with pastureland and rural habitations which are spread over in abundance, makes the livestock
rearing as inevitable mode of livelihood. Therefore, India is bestowed with largest number of
livestock population and milk production in the world. With the introduction of mechanization in farm sector, intensification of agriculture and
expansion of transport infrastructure with the mobility of goods and humans since independence,
the nature and objectives of livestock rearing have changed in India. Indigenous breeds of cattle
are decreasing and exotic/crossbreed (cows) is increasing. Simultaneously, male cattle and male
buffalo population have decreasing rapidly. The study deals the geographical perspectives of rapidly changing nature of livestock in India
like the bovine population is decreasing but the milk production is increasing. Simultaneously,
the share of per capita milk intake as calorie in food has also increased from 178 gm./day in
1991-1992 to 375 gm./day in 2017-18. The study correlates the composition of livestock with
relief, climate, droughts, crop intensification and natural adversaries. The population of
indigenous breeds of cattle (cows), sheep, goat, donkey and camel is decreasing rapidly and
established the logical justification in accordance to changing technology, infrastructure and
Since independence in India, the livestock population has increased from 293.9 million in 1951
to 512.1 million in 2012 and the bovine (cattle and buffalo) population increased from 198.7
million to 299.6 million in the same time period. While human population has increased from
361.09 million in 1951 to 1210.19 million in 2011 with continuously decreasing share of rural
population from 82.71% (1951) to 68.84% (2011). Cattle population is higher in continental
states where intensive subsistence food grain farming is predominant while sheep and goat population is higher in states with adverse climatic conditions, rough terrains, arid, semi - arid
and water stressed regions with extensive dry land farming. North eastern hilly states have least
dependency on bovines and more on piggeries.
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