International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
Submit Paper

Title:
LOCAL ORGANIZATION, PEASANT AND ACCESS TO THE LAND

Authors:
Ahmad C Tridakusumah , Endriatmo Soetarto , Soeryo Adiwibowo , Ekawati Sri Wahyuni

|| ||

Ahmad C Tridakusumah1 , Endriatmo Soetarto2 , Soeryo Adiwibowo2 , Ekawati Sri Wahyuni2
1. Department of Agricultural Socioeconomic, Faculty of Agriculture, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, 45363, Indonesia.
2. Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia

MLA 8
Tridakusumah, Ahmad C, et al. "LOCAL ORGANIZATION, PEASANT AND ACCESS TO THE LAND." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 4, Apr. 2019, pp. 3090-3102, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=231. Accessed Apr. 2019.
APA
Tridakusumah, A., Soetarto, E., Adiwibowo, S., & Wahyuni, E. (2019, April). LOCAL ORGANIZATION, PEASANT AND ACCESS TO THE LAND. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(4), 3090-3102. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=231
Chicago
Tridakusumah, Ahmad C, Endriatmo Soetarto, Soeryo Adiwibowo, and Ekawati Sri Wahyuni. "LOCAL ORGANIZATION, PEASANT AND ACCESS TO THE LAND." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 4 (April 2019), 3090-3102. Accessed April, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=231.

References
[1]. Nurlinda. 2016. The policy of utilization of idle lands as the implementation of responsible land governance in Indonesia. World Bank Conference on land and Poverty. Washington DC (US): Maret 14-18, 2016.
[2]. Badan Nasional Pertanahan [BPN]. 2016.
[3]. Bachriadi D. 2012. Dari lokal ke nasional kembali ke lokal: perjuangan hak atas tanah di Indonesia. ARC Books. Bandung. Indonesia.
[4]. Ribot J dan Peluso N. 2003. A Theory of access. Rural Sociology. 68(2): 153-181.
[5]. Goodwin JN and Gouldthorpe J. 2013. "Small" Peasant, Big Challenges: A Needs Assessment of Florida Small-Scale Peasant Production Challenges and Training Needs. Journal of Rural Social Science 28(1), 2013, pp. 54-79.
[6]. Rwelamira J. 2015. Strengthening peasant organization and civil society organisations. United Nations Economic Comission for Africa.
[7]. Bogdan R dan Taylor S. 1992. Pengantar Metode Kualitatif. Surabaya (ID): Usaha Nasional.
[8]. BPS. 2018. Cianjur Dalam Angka Tahun 2018. Badan Pusat Statistik. Cianjur.ID
[9]. Sihaloho M, Sri Wahyuni E, Kinseng RA. 2016. Rural Poverty, Population Mobility and Agrarian Change: A Historical Review. Sodality. 4(1): 48-60.
[10]. Wiradi G. 2009. Reforma Agraria perjalanan yang belum berakhir. Sajogyo Institute. Bogor.ID.
[11]. Wiradi G. 2009. Metodologi studi Agraria: Karya terpilih Gunawan Wiradi. Sajogyo Institute. Bogor.ID.
[12]. Sokoastri V dan Soetarto E. 2012. Dampak reforma agraria dari bawah terhadap kesejahteraan masyarakat di Desa Garongan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jurnal Sodality. 06 (03): 291-299.
[13]. Spitz, Pierre (1979), Silent Violence: Famine and Inequality. Rome: UNRISD.
[14]. Bumulo S, Adiwibowo S and Sjaf S. 2017. The Dynamics of land tenure in multi-ethnic society. Sodality. Sodality 5(3): 218-225.
[15]. Powelson, John P. and R. Stock (1987), The Peasant Betrayed. Oegeschlanger: Gunn and Hain Publisher, Inc.
[16]. Narh P, et al. 2016. Land sector reforms in Ghana, Kenya and Vietnam: A comparative analysis of their effectiveness. Land. 5(8). doi:10.3390/land5020008.
[17]. Sujiwo T. 2012. Perubahan penguasaan tanah di atas lahan pendudukan pasca reformasi. dalam Bachriadi D, editor. Dari Lokal ke Nasional Kembali ke Lokal : Perjuangan Hak Atas Tanah di Indonesia. Bandung (ID): ARC Books. hlm 83-136.
[18]. Rahmah DA and Soetarto E. 2014. The Paguyuban Petani's Movements Versus the state and the impact to Sukamulya Community's Welfare. Sodality. 2(01): 1-16
[19]. Purwandari H. 2006. Perlawanan tersamar organisasi petani (upaya memahami gerakan social petani. Tesis Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB. Bogor. Indonesia.
[20]. Ardhian D, Adiwibowo S dan Sri Wahyuni E. 2016. NGO's Roles and Strategies in the Environmental Politic Arena. 4(3). 210-216.
[21]. Syahyuti. 2012. Personalized Organizing and Invidualized Organization Symptoms as The Main Characters of Peasant' Organization in Indonesia. FORUM PENELITIAN AGRO EKONOMI, Volume 30 No. 2, Desember 2012 : 129 -145.
[22]. Dev SM. 2012. Small Peasant in India: Challenges and Opportunities. IGIDR, Mumbai, India.
[23]. Van der Ploeg JD (2014) Peasant-driven agricultural growth and food sovereignty, The Journal of Peasant Studies, 41:6, 999-1030, DOI: 10.1080/03066150.2013.876997.

Abstract:
The state idle lands can provide opportunities, challenges and problems for peasants. The land must be able to be managed properly as the peasant mean of production and has to be ensure that it does not transfer to private parties. Peasants' ability to access and organize the land is seen as potential and capital for them to manage the idle land. The purpose of this research is to find out the conditions and problems of idle land which are cultivated by peasants, to analyze the peasants' access to land and the formation process of local peasant organization, as well as knowing the challenges, opportunities and sustainability of peasant organizations. This study used a qualitative approach with in-depth interviews, participant observation and focus group discussions with peasants as key informants. The results show that peasants are able to improve economic, social and political access through organizations, local peasant organizations are initially formed from peasants' initiatives, while in the organizing process work together with NGOs to strengthen organizations for optimal use of idle land. Furthermore, the arrangement of production system is the main aspect for organizational sustainability in improving the welfare of peasants.