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Dr. Gilhaime Mouanda-Mouanda and Dr. Jiong Gong

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Dr. Gilhaime Mouanda-Mouanda and Dr. Jiong Gong
School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China

Mouanda-Mouanda, Gilhaime, and Jiong Gong. "DETERMINANTS OF GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS PARTICIPATION FOR LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 3265-3293, Accessed May 2019.
Mouanda-Mouanda, G., & Gong, J. (2019, May). DETERMINANTS OF GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS PARTICIPATION FOR LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(5), 3265-3293. Retrieved from
Mouanda-Mouanda, Gilhaime, and Jiong Gong. "DETERMINANTS OF GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS PARTICIPATION FOR LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 5 (May 2019), 3265-3293. Accessed May, 2019.


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The aim of this research is to investigate factors influencing the participation in global value chains within 17 landlocked countries. We emphasize the impact of these determinants between African landlocked countries and Non-African landlocked countries. Using data from the recent global value chains indexes developed by Research Institute for Global Value Chains at University of International Business and Economics, we notice that most African landlocked countries are located in upstreamness, i.e., provide mainly raw materials to the different networks of value chain.; while non-African landlocked countries are highly engaged in the downstream production close to the final consumers. Moreover, the econometric analysis at the country and sector levels shows that the determinants of global value chains influence differently the participation of the two groups of landlocked countries. In overall, the study reveals that Non-African landlocked countries perform better than their counterparts located in Africa. The findings of this research should allow national authorities to conceive and implement not only a new generation of economic policies but also promote infrastructure development that would trigger the engagement in cross-border value chains trade.