International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
SPATIAL PATTERNS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF SCHEDULED CASTE IN JAMMU PROVINCE (2011)

Authors:
Gaggan Kumar , Gurleen Kour

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Gaggan Kumar1 , Gurleen Kour2
1. Ph.D Research Scholar (Senior Research Fellow), Department of Geography, University of Jammu-180006, (J&K), India
2. Post Graduate in Geography, Department of Geography, University of Jammu-180006, (J&K), India

MLA 8
Kumar, Gaggan, and Gurleen Kour. "SPATIAL PATTERNS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF SCHEDULED CASTE IN JAMMU PROVINCE (2011)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 3449-3459, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=258. Accessed May 2019.
APA
Kumar, G., & Kour, G. (2019, May). SPATIAL PATTERNS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF SCHEDULED CASTE IN JAMMU PROVINCE (2011). Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(5), 3449-3459. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=258
Chicago
Kumar, Gaggan, and Gurleen Kour. "SPATIAL PATTERNS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF SCHEDULED CASTE IN JAMMU PROVINCE (2011)." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 5 (May 2019), 3449-3459. Accessed May, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=258.

References
[1]. Bhagat R.B. & Das K.C (2008). Levels, Trends and Structure of Workforce in India: Census Based Study 1981-2001. International Institute for Population Science, Mumbai
[2]. Black, C. E. (1966). The dynamic of modernization: A study in comparative history, New York: Harper & Row.
[3]. Directorate of Economics & Statistics Government of Jammu & Kashmir, Digest Of Statistics, 2015-16
[4]. Hussain, M. (2011). Geography of India. Tata McGraw Hills, P.10.8
[5]. Karunakaran, K.R. An Analysis of Impact of Irrigation on Cropping Intensity in Tamil Nadu. Indian Economic Review, New Series, Vol. 33, No. 2 (July-December 1998), pp. 207- 220
[6]. Ohlan, R (2013). Pattern of Regional Disparities in Socio-economic Development in India: District Level Analysis. Springer, Vol. 114, No. 3 (December 2013), pp. 841- 873.
[7]. Sannashiddannanavar, S. S. (2001). Patterns and Characteristics of Population in Haveri District: A Diagnostic Geographical Study. An unpublished doctoral thesis, Karnatak University, Dharwad.

Abstract:
Objectives:
The main objective is to assess the spatial patterns of economic development of the most marginalised community that is scheduled caste in Jammu province. This is a census based study based on census of 2011 where tehsil constitute a unit of study.
Methods/Statistical Analysis:
To achieve the above objectives secondary data from Primary Census Abstract SC, Jammu and Kashmir and Agriculture Census Division, DAC, 2011 has been used. The software of ArcGIS 10.5 has been used to prepare choropleth maps to present the spatial pattern of workforce among scheduled caste. Five indicators have been selected for assessing the spatial patterns of levels of economic development like Main Work Participation Rate, Other Workers, Non-Agricultural Population, Net Cultivated Area and Agricultural Intensity. Standard Scores and Composite Standard Score have been obtained by normalising the values to gauge economic development.
Findings:
High economic development is found in the tehsils of Jammu and samba districts including tehsil Banihal. These tehsils have high composite score of economic indicators due to high social development, urbanization, industrial development because of industrial complexes found in Samba and Jammu district, developed agriculture, better means of employment opportunities etc. Only five tehsils from the entire Jammu province have low economic development namely Bhaderwah, Rajouri, Kathua, Nowshehra and Udhampur. Geographically they are located within the periphery of tehsils of the first category.
Application:
The tehsils with low economic development may be declared as backward regions for scheduled caste. But the role of the government does not finish just by declaring various tehsils as backward, rather more effective, comprehensive and timely policies need to be framed. The state may make provision for sub-quota to these backward tehsils from the existing quota.