Title: CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS: SEXISM IN CONTEMPORARY
POPULAR ENGLISH MUSIC OF 2015 IN THE UNITED STATES OF
Authors: Celeste Chin, Edna Leong, Joan Yee, Mira Dewan & Nicole Nair
Celeste Chin, Edna Leong, Joan Yee, Mira Dewan & Nicole Nair
Raffles Girls' School, Singapore
MLA 8 Chin, Celeste, et al. "CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS: SEXISM IN CONTEMPORARY POPULAR ENGLISH MUSIC OF 2015 IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 3704-3725, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=282. Accessed May 2019.
APA Chin, C., Leong, E., Yee, J., Dewan, M., & Nair, N. (2019, May). CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS: SEXISM IN CONTEMPORARY POPULAR ENGLISH MUSIC OF 2015 IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(5), 3704-3725. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=282
Chicago Chin, Celeste, Edna Leong, Joan Yee, Mira Dewan, and Nicole Nair. "CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS: SEXISM IN CONTEMPORARY POPULAR ENGLISH MUSIC OF 2015 IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 5 (May 2019), 3704-3725. Accessed May, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=282.
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Abstract: The objective of the study is to explore sexism in music through analysis of language used,
themes present, and grammatical power distributions evident in English contemporary pop songs
from 2015. It aims to look into the types of gender ideologies and power relations reproduced
and resisted in the musical aspect of pop culture. The study hypothesizes that the songs analysed
contain significantly more language and sexist themes that is derogatory to women as opposed to
that which is sexist against men, and that grammatical power distribution trends observed will be
greatly skewed toward male characters.
The study selected a corpus of 20 songs from the Hot 100 Songs 2015 Year-End Chart by
Billboard that revolved around relationships between male and female characters. This was
followed by an analysis which comprised of two stages, identifying sexist themes in lyrics and
comparing grammatical power allocation to male and female characters with reference to
Systemic Functional Linguistics.
The majority of the songs we analysed, which were performed by both male and female artists,
favoured male characters over females in terms of grammatical power allocation, which mirrors
the power imbalances in the real world. From the analysis of themes, it was evident that sexism
in music exists against both genders, and the prevalence of different biases that influence our
thinking was demonstrated. As a whole, results indicated that gender ideologies present in the
corpus were in favour of males and more prejudiced against females.
We concluded that the gender ideologies present in English Contemporary popular music of
2015 are more sexist toward women, but that sexism against males also exist in great amounts, as
power is distributed in favor of males, but sexist themes biased against both sexes were highly
The International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research Inviting Papers/Articles for Current Issue Volume 4 No. 11 November 2019.
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