International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
WOMEN, PEACE-BUILDING AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN PALESTINE

Authors:
Dr Amneh Badran

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Dr Amneh Badran
The author is a former Director of the Jerusalem Centre for Women (JCW) of the Jerusalem Link (1999- 2005), where she worked closely with the staff and members of Bat Shalom, aiming to promote peace from below. She brings insights from her own experience. (Dr. Amneh Badran, obtained her PhD from Exeter University in the UK. Currently she is Head of Department of Political Science and Director of the Institute for Global Studies at AlQuds University, Palestine)

MLA 8
Badran, Dr Amneh. "WOMEN, PEACE-BUILDING AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN PALESTINE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 3742-3756, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=284. Accessed May 2019.
APA
Badran, D. (2019, May). WOMEN, PEACE-BUILDING AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN PALESTINE. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(5), 3742-3756. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=284
Chicago
Badran, Dr Amneh. "WOMEN, PEACE-BUILDING AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN PALESTINE." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 5 (May 2019), 3742-3756. Accessed May, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=284.

References

[1]. 'Abd al-'Ati, Salah, 2016, "Al-shabab al-filistini bayn al-tahadiyyat w'al bada'il" [Palestinian Youth between Challenges and Alternatives], Siyasat, 37-38, pp. 20-21.
[2]. Aron, Raymond, 2003, Peace and War: a theory of International Relations, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.
[3]. Azar, Edward E. and J. W. Burton, eds., 1986, International Conflict Resolution: Theory and Practice, Sussex: Wheatsheaf Books.
[4]. Badran, Amneh, 2010, Zionist Israel and apartheid South Africa, London: Routledge.
[5]. Bishara, Marwan 2001, Palestine/Israel: Peace or Apartheid, London: Zed Books. p.13.
[6]. Greenblatt, Terry, 2004, 'Civil Society as a Partner in Promoting Peace in the Middle East', paper at a United Nations conference on: The Role of Civil Society in Promoting a Just and Lasting Peace in the Middle East, China 16-17 June 2004.
[7]. Knox, Colin and Padraic Quirk, 2000, Peace Building in Northern Ireland, Israel and South Africa: Transition, Transformation and Reconciliation, London: Macmillan, pp. 24-28.
[8]. Salem, Walid, 2012, "Civil Society in Palestine: Approaches, Historical Context and the Role of the NGOs" (Civil Society Challenges, Focus 2), Palestine-Israel Journal, 18.2 & 3, p.5, available at http://www.pij.org/current.php?id=78
[9]. United Nations, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination, Article 1, available at https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/cerd.aspx accessed June 2018.
Interviews:
[10]. Interview with Dr. Naomi Chazan, 2005, member of board of trustees of Bat Shalom
[11]. Interview with Dr. Galia Golan, 2005, member of board of trustees of Bat Shalom
[12]. Interview with Gila Svirsky, 2005, member of board of trustees of Bat Shalom
[13]. Interview with Salwa Hdeib, 2018, head of board of trustees of Jerusalem Center for Women
[14]. Interview with Zahira Kamal, 2018, member of board of trustees of JCW
[15]. Interview with Mariam Irbash, 2018, ex-director of JCW

Abstract:
Palestinian women became involved in peace-building initiatives in 1987 and were ready to establish channels of communication with Israeli individuals and groups. After the Oslo Accords were signed in 1993, Palestinian women activists worked in partnership with Israeli women to institutionalize women's peace-building work. At the civil society level, two institutions were established: one Palestinian (the Jerusalem Center for Women) and the other Israeli (Bat Shalom). Together, through dialogue, they built political initiatives under the umbrella of the Jerusalem Link, where staff and members of the two institutions could meet with the aim of developing a women's joint vision for (just) peace as well as organizing activities to promote this vision. A weakening Palestinian civil society post-Oslo and failure to achieve a fully agreed upon joint vision for peace diminished the effectiveness of the Jerusalem Link, some of whose functions were eventually taken over by the International Women's Forum in 2008.