International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL POLICIES IN POST INDEPENDENT INDIA: AN ANALYSIS FROM 1947-1980

Authors:
Owais Ismaeil, Umar Jan Sofi

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Owais Ismaeil, Umar Jan Sofi
Department of History and Culture, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.

MLA 8
Ismaeil, Owais, and Umar Jan Sofi. "DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL POLICIES IN POST INDEPENDENT INDIA: AN ANALYSIS FROM 1947-1980." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 1, Jan. 2019, pp. 396-401, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=32. Accessed Jan. 2019.
APA
Ismaeil, O., & Sofi, U. (2019, January). DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL POLICIES IN POST INDEPENDENT INDIA: AN ANALYSIS FROM 1947-1980. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(1), 396-401. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=32
Chicago
Ismaeil, O., & Sofi, U. (2019, January). DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL POLICIES IN POST INDEPENDENT INDIA: AN ANALYSIS FROM 1947-1980. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(1), 396-401. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=32

References
[1]. Qaiser Rizwan, "Resisting Colonialism and Communal Politics: Maulana Azad and the making of the Indian nation", Manohar, 2011, ISBN- 978-81-7304-903-3.
[2]. Chandra Bipan, Mukherjee Aditya, Mukherjee Mridula, " India Since Independence", Penguin books India,(2008), ISBN- 0143104098,9780143104094, Revised Edition, Page No. 179-185.
[3]. University Grants Commission Report On 20/12/18, www.ugc.ac.in.
[4]. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government Of India, (www.csir.res.in)
[5]. University Grants Commission Act 1956, (www.mhrd.gov.in)

Abstract:
During the colonial period in India, the government policies were concerned to put emphasis on protecting and promoting British interests than considering the welfare of the Indian population. It is widely believed that government policies far from encouraging development were merely responsible for the decline and stagnation of technological sector in India. In 1947, with the emergence of a new politically independent nation; India started using modern science and technology for national development. The main objectives were the attainment of technical competence and self-reliance, with the view to strengthening economy and industrial development. Government has introduced many structural reforms through adoption of a new industrial policy. Science and technology has become mainstay enterprise and now India has built a strong and reliable infrastructure for research, planning and development in field of science and technology. In present study, we have analysed a broad picture of the technological advancements and the infra-structural development post-independence from 1947-1980.