International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
DRAINAGE ANALYSIS OF UPPER PINDAR RIVER BASIN, CENTRAL HIMALAYA

Authors:
Naresh Prasad and R C Joshi

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Naresh Prasad* and R C Joshi**
*. Research Scholar, Department of Geography, D. S. B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital-263002, Uttarakhand.
**. Department of Geography, D. S. B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital-263002, Uttarakhand

MLA 8
Prasad, Naresh, and R C Joshi. "DRAINAGE ANALYSIS OF UPPER PINDAR RIVER BASIN, CENTRAL HIMALAYA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 6, June 2019, pp. 4582-4590, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=352. Accessed June 2019.
APA
Prasad, N., & Joshi, R. (2019, June). DRAINAGE ANALYSIS OF UPPER PINDAR RIVER BASIN, CENTRAL HIMALAYA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(6), 4582-4590. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=352
Chicago
Prasad, Naresh, and R C Joshi. "DRAINAGE ANALYSIS OF UPPER PINDAR RIVER BASIN, CENTRAL HIMALAYA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 6 (June 2019), 4582-4590. Accessed June, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=352.

References

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[3]. Miller, V.C. (1953), A Quantitative Geomorphic Study of Drainage Basin Characteristics in the Clinch mountain area Virginia and Tennessee, Technical Report 3, Dept. of Geology, Columbia Univ. Newyork.
[4]. Pande, R.K.,(1990), Quantitative Geomorphology of a Himalayan Drainage basin, Shree Almora book dept. the mall Almora
[5]. Singh, Savindra (2000), Geomorphology. ISBN: 81-86539-11-5, pp 227.
[6]. Singh, Savindra, (1998), Physical Geography, Prayag Pustak Bhavan, Allahbad.
[7]. Strahler, A.H. (1964), Quantitative Geomorphology of Drainage Basin and Channel Network in Handbook of Applied Hydrology, McGraw Hill book company, Newyork, section 4.
[8]. Schumm, S.A. (1956), Evolution of drainage system and slopes in the badlands at Perth, Amboy, New Jersey, Geological Society of American Bulletin.
[9]. Thornbury, W.D. (2006), Principle of Geomorphology, New age international Private limited publishers, New Delhi, second edition.
[10]. Triphathi, Jayal (2015), Study of geomorphol0gy and drainage basin characteristic of Kaphani glacier, Uttarakhand, India, Environmental Management Division, ICFRE, Dehradun, Uttarakhand. ISBN: 2348-0343.

Abstract:
Drainage basin, an open system with combination of numerous subsystems is shaped by various geomorphic processes. The study area is located in central Himalaya under Bageshwar district in Uttarakhand state. The altitude of the study area is ranging between 1997 meter to 6855 meter. Geologically the study area is made up of Joshimath fm., Pandukeshwar fm., and Pindari fm., comprising gneiss, schist, quartzites, mica and biotite. In the study area there is one thrust (main central vaikrita thrust) and two faults. In the present study an attempt has been made to study the drainage characteristics of upper Pindar river basin including areal aspects, linear aspects and relief aspects. For the analysis of drainage characteristics second and third order sub-basin has been taken. The Pindar River, lying in the eastern part of Kumaon Himalaya, is a dominant name in the drainage networks of it. For this reason, several attempts of study were made by various scholars for analyzing the overall condition of the Pindar Basin from 19th century. Most of the works on the Pindar River are mainly on the basis of geology, morphology, chronological sequence of terraces and valley development, snout retreat, recent changes in the position of snout and impacts of flood.