International Journal of Social Science & Economic Research
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Title:
SOCIO-DEVELOPMENTAL APPRAISAL OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN RURAL COMMUNITY OF NIGERIA

Authors:
Akintola Ismail, PhD.

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Akintola Ismail, PhD.
Department of Sociology And Anthropology, Faculty Of Business and Social Sciences, Baze University, Plot 686, Cadastral Zone C00, Kuchigoro, Behind National Judiciary Institute, Abuja.

MLA 8
Ismail, Akintola. "SOCIO-DEVELOPMENTAL APPRAISAL OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN RURAL COMMUNITY OF NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 6, June 2019, pp. 4613-4636, ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=355. Accessed June 2019.
APA
Ismail, A. (2019, June). SOCIO-DEVELOPMENTAL APPRAISAL OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN RURAL COMMUNITY OF NIGERIA. Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research, 4(6), 4613-4636. Retrieved from ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=355
Chicago
Ismail, Akintola. "SOCIO-DEVELOPMENTAL APPRAISAL OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN RURAL COMMUNITY OF NIGERIA." Int. j. of Social Science and Economic Research 4, no. 6 (June 2019), 4613-4636. Accessed June, 2019. ijsser.org/more2019.php?id=355.

References

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Abstract:
There is no disputing or denying the fact that rural Nigeria is engulfed in chronic and endemic poor developmental situations. The background to the crisis in Nigeria's rural in terms of socioeconomic and political impacts of the crisis dates back to the colonial era. This was when colonialism exploited the resources of rural areas by thus increasing the levels of rural poverty and thus changing the entire structure of the rural economy. By enhancing or even transforming the nature of land holding etc, it further affected the nature and system of social production and productivity, the social and physical provision of infrastructure, the ecology and labor force recruitment as well as worsening the overall poverty level amongst the rural residents. Nigerian government though several strategies like the nation's development plans from colonial era to date did not bring about meaningful developmental effort in checking migration out of rural areas.
Likewise international organizations and regional strategies have not lead to any significant improvement in the living conditions of the rural dwellers and rural development in general. It was also found out that a number of issues such as corruption and mismanagement, faulty planning from above rather than bottom-up approach; pursuance of the colonial and neo-colonial economic and social policies which were anti people among other factors led to failure of the rural development efforts. The paper therefore concludes among other things that for rapid and sustained rural development to take place, the lopsided and urban based development process must be reversed to rural based and bottom-up approach, government to continue to create conducive environment for rural development to thrive, change of attitudes and orientation by all and sundry, particularly the leadership class in Nigeria in order to minimize corruption and mismanagement of resources. Therefore, reduction in rural migration will be realistic and enduring, if these measures should be given priority attention.